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Optical Materials Express

Optical Materials Express

  • Editor: David Hagan
  • Vol. 4, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 2014
  • pp: 1574–1585

Photo induced crystallization of CaF2 from a Na2O/K2O/CaO/CaF2/Al2O3/SiO2 glass

Martina Stoica, Guilherme Nunes Braga Maurício de Macedo, and Christian Rüssel  »View Author Affiliations

Optical Materials Express, Vol. 4, Issue 8, pp. 1574-1585 (2014)

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A new photo thermal refractive glass system is introduced. Glasses in the system Na2O/K2O/CaO/CaF2/Al2O3/SiO2 were doped with Ag2O, CeO2, KBr, SnO2 and Sb2O3. They were irradiated with UV light and subsequently thermally annealed at 530 °C, a temperature just above Tg. This led to a slightly yellow coloration. A second thermal annealing step at a temperature of 560 °C led to the crystallization of cubic CaF2 as proved by x-ray diffraction. Samples, annealed in a two step process at 530 °C for 1 h and 560 °C for 20 h without previous irradiation did not show crystallization. Furthermore, the effect of irradiation time on crystallization behavior and the role of KBr in the photoinduced crystallization process were also investigated.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.0160) Materials : Materials
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(160.5320) Materials : Photorefractive materials
(160.5335) Materials : Photosensitive materials

ToC Category:
Glass and Other Amorphous Materials

Original Manuscript: May 16, 2014
Revised Manuscript: June 23, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: June 25, 2014
Published: July 11, 2014

Martina Stoica, Guilherme Nunes Braga Maurício de Macedo, and Christian Rüssel, "Photo induced crystallization of CaF2 from a Na2O/K2O/CaO/CaF2/Al2O3/SiO2 glass," Opt. Mater. Express 4, 1574-1585 (2014)

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