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Optical Materials Express

Optical Materials Express

  • Editor: David Hagan
  • Vol. 4, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 2014
  • pp: 1683–1695

X-ray irradiation effects on fluorine-doped germanosilicate optical fibers

D. Di Francesca, A. Boukenter, S. Agnello, S. Girard, A. Alessi, P. Paillet, C. Marcandella, N. Richard, F.M. Gelardi, and Y. Ouerdane  »View Author Affiliations


Optical Materials Express, Vol. 4, Issue 8, pp. 1683-1695 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OME.4.001683


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Abstract

We report an experimental investigation on the effects of fluorine codoping on the radiation response of Ge-doped Optical Fibers (OFs) obtained by three different drawing conditions. The OFs were irradiated with 10 keV X-rays up to 300 Mrad and studied by online Radiation-Induced-Attenuation (RIA) measurements. Confocal Micro-Luminescence (CML) and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) were also employed to investigate the permanent radiation-induced-defects. The variation of the Germanium-Lone-Pair-Center (GLPC) and Non-Bridging-Oxygen-Hole-Centers (NBOHC) concentration with the radiation dose is investigated by CML, whereas the ones of the induced Ge(1), Ge(2) and Eʹ centers by EPR. No relevant differences are found in the RIA of the three fibers, as well as in the induced concentrations of Ge(1) and Ge(2) and in the decrease of the GLPC, showing minor relevance of changing the drawing conditions. We found that fluorine codoping does not affect the RIA and that, unexpectedly, the fluorine co-doped zones of the OFs show an enhanced photoluminescence of the radiation induced NBOHC enabling to suggest the presence of both Si and Ge variants. Moreover, an overall increase of the radiation induced Eʹ(Ge) centers is registered in relation to the presence of fluorine showing that this codopant has relevant effects.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2280) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber design and fabrication
(060.2290) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber materials
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(300.6280) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence

ToC Category:
Fiber Materials

History
Original Manuscript: June 2, 2014
Revised Manuscript: July 13, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: July 13, 2014
Published: July 22, 2014

Citation
D. Di Francesca, A. Boukenter, S. Agnello, S. Girard, A. Alessi, P. Paillet, C. Marcandella, N. Richard, F.M. Gelardi, and Y. Ouerdane, "X-ray irradiation effects on fluorine-doped germanosilicate optical fibers," Opt. Mater. Express 4, 1683-1695 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ome/abstract.cfm?URI=ome-4-8-1683


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