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  • Editor: Alex Gaeta
  • Vol. 1, Iss. 1 — Jul. 2014
  • pp: 5–9

Collection of remote optical signals by air waveguides

E. W. Rosenthal, N. Jhajj, J. K. Wahlstrand, and H. M. Milchberg  »View Author Affiliations

Optica, Vol. 1, Issue 1, pp. 5-9 (2014)

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Collection of weak signals from remote locations is the primary goal and the primary hurdle of optical standoff detection schemes such as light detection and ranging and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. Typically, the measured signal is enhanced using large-NA collection optics and high-gain detectors. We show that the signal in remote detection techniques can be enhanced by using a long-lived air waveguide generated by an array of femtosecond filaments. We present a proof-of-principle experiment using an air plasma spark source and a 1 m air waveguide showing an increase in the collected signal of 50 % . For standoff distances of 100 m, this implies that the signal-to-noise ratio can be increased by a factor 10 4 .

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.7110) Nonlinear optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(300.6365) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, laser induced breakdown
(010.0280) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Remote sensing and sensors

Original Manuscript: April 22, 2014
Revised Manuscript: June 9, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: June 10, 2014
Published: July 22, 2014

E. W. Rosenthal, N. Jhajj, J. K. Wahlstrand, and H. M. Milchberg, "Collection of remote optical signals by air waveguides," Optica 1, 5-9 (2014)

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