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  • Editor: Alex Gaeta
  • Vol. 1, Iss. 1 — Jul. 2014
  • pp: 15–22

The Nyquist laser

Masataka Nakazawa, Masato Yoshida, and Toshihiko Hirooka  »View Author Affiliations

Optica, Vol. 1, Issue 1, pp. 15-22 (2014)

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Nyquist pulses, which are defined as impulse responses of a Nyquist filter, can be used to simultaneously achieve an ultrahigh data rate and spectral efficiency (SE). Coherent Nyquist optical time-division multiplexing transmission increases SE, but the optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) is limited by the amplitude of the original CW beam. To further improve transmission performance, here we describe a new pulsed laser that can emit an optical Nyquist pulse train at a repetition rate of 40 GHz. The Nyquist laser is based on a regeneratively and harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber laser that has a special spectral filter to generate a Nyquist pulse as the output pulse. The pulse width was approximately 3 ps, and the oscillation wavelength was 1.55 μm. The spectral profile of the Nyquist pulse can be changed by changing the spectral curvature of the filter with a roll-off factor, α , between 0 and 1. A Fabry–Perot etalon was also installed in the laser cavity to select longitudinal modes with a free spectral range of 40 GHz, resulting in the suppression of the mode hopping in the regenerative mode locking. A numerical analysis is also presented to explain the generation of a stable Nyquist pulse from the laser. The Nyquist laser is important not only for the direct generation of high-OSNR pulses but also for scientific advances, proving that pulse shapes that differ significantly from the conventional hyperbolic-secant and Gaussian pulse shapes can exist stably in a cavity.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.1660) Fiber optics and optical communications : Coherent communications
(140.3500) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, erbium
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(140.4050) Lasers and laser optics : Mode-locked lasers
(140.7090) Lasers and laser optics : Ultrafast lasers
(320.5540) Ultrafast optics : Pulse shaping

Original Manuscript: April 7, 2014
Revised Manuscript: May 30, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: June 10, 2014
Published: July 22, 2014

Masataka Nakazawa, Masato Yoshida, and Toshihiko Hirooka, "The Nyquist laser," Optica 1, 15-22 (2014)

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