OSA's Digital Library

Photonics Research

Photonics Research

| A joint OSA/Chinese Laser Press publication

  • Editor: Zhiping (James) Zhou
  • Vol. 1, Iss. 3 — Oct. 1, 2013
  • pp: 130–135

Scalable nonlinear equalization in high-bit-rate optical transmission systems

Rameez Asif, Humayun Shahid, Farzana Arshad, and Rashid Saleem  »View Author Affiliations


Photonics Research, Vol. 1, Issue 3, pp. 130-135 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/PRJ.1.000130


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (589 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

In this paper, we report on the performance comparison of all-optical signal processing methodologies to compensate fiber transmission impairments, namely chromatic dispersion and nonlinear distortion caused by the Kerr effect, in a coherent 112 Gbit / s dual-polarization 64 bit quadrature amplitude modulation system over 800 km standard single-mode fiber. We numerically compare optical backward propagation (OBP) with optical phase conjugation (OPC) techniques, namely. mid-link spectral inversion, predispersed spectral inversion, and OPC with nonlinearity module. We also evaluate a self-phase-modulation-based optical limiter with an appropriate prechirping to compensate for the intensity fluctuations as a hybrid approach with OBP. The results depict improvement in system performance by a factor of 4 dB of signal input power by all-optical signal processing methods, which is comparative with ideal digital backward propagation where the high complexity is the intrinsic impediment in the real-time implementation of the technique with coherent receivers.

© 2013 Chinese Laser Press

OCIS Codes
(060.1660) Fiber optics and optical communications : Coherent communications
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(060.4250) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks

ToC Category:
Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: January 22, 2013
Revised Manuscript: March 6, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: March 14, 2013
Published: September 30, 2013

Citation
Rameez Asif, Humayun Shahid, Farzana Arshad, and Rashid Saleem, "Scalable nonlinear equalization in high-bit-rate optical transmission systems," Photon. Res. 1, 130-135 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/prj/abstract.cfm?URI=prj-1-3-130


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. C. R. S. Fludger, T. Duthel, D. van den Borne, C. Schulien, E. Schmidt, T. Wuth, J. Geyer, E. De Man, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Coherent equalization and POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK for robust 100-GE transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 64–72 (2008). [CrossRef]
  2. P. P. Mitra and J. B. Stark, “Non-linear limits to the information capacity of optical fibre communications,” Nature 411, 1027–1030 (2001). [CrossRef]
  3. E. Ip and J. M. Kahn, “Compensation of dispersion and non-linear impairments using digital backpropagation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 3416–3425 (2008). [CrossRef]
  4. D. S. Millar, S. Makovejs, C. Behrens, S. Hellerbrand, R. Killey, P. Bayvel, and S. J. Savory, “Mitigation of fiber non-linearity using a digital coherent receiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1217–1226 (2010). [CrossRef]
  5. F. Yaman and G. Li, “Non-linear impairment compensation for polarization-division multiplexed WDM transmission using digital backward propagation,” IEEE Photon. J. 1, 144–152 (2009). [CrossRef]
  6. R. Asif, C. Y. Lin, M. Holtmannspoetter, and B. Schmauss, “Optimized digital backward propagation for phase modulated signals in mixed-optical fiber transmission link,” Opt. Express 18, 22796–22807 (2010). [CrossRef]
  7. C. Y. Lin, M. Holtmannspoetter, R. Asif, and B. Schmauss, “Compensation of transmission impairments by digital backward propagation for different link designs,” in 36th European Conference Optical Communication (ECOC), Torino, Italy, September2010, paper 3.16.
  8. L. Du and A. Lowery, “Improved single channel back-propagation for intra-channel fiber non-linearity compensation in long-haul optical communication systems,” Opt. Express 18, 17075–17088 (2010). [CrossRef]
  9. L. Li, Z. Tao, L. Dou, W. Yan, S. Oda, T. Tanimura, T. Hoshida, and J. Rasmussen, “Implementation efficient non-linear equalizer based on correlated digital back-propagation,” in Conference on Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, California, March2011, paper OWW3.
  10. D. Rafique, M. Mussolin, M. Forzati, J. Martensson, M. N. Chugtai, and A. Ellis, “Compensation of intra-channel nonlinear fibre impairments using simplified digital back-propagation algorithm,” Opt. Express 19, 9453–9460 (2011). [CrossRef]
  11. P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, and F. Forghieri, “Performance dependence on channel baud-rate of PM-QPSK systems over uncompensated links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 15–17 (2011). [CrossRef]
  12. R. Asif, C. Y. Lin, M. Holtmannspoetter, and B. Schmauss, “Logarithmic step-size based digital backward propagation in N-channel 112  Gbit/s/ch DP-QPSK transmission,” in 13th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), Stockholm, Sweden, June2011, paper T.u.P6.
  13. R. Asif, C. Y. Lin, and B. Schmauss, “Impact of channel baud-rate on logarithmic digital backward propagation in DP-QPSK system with uncompensated transmission links,” Opt. Commun. 284, 5673–5677 (2011). [CrossRef]
  14. R. Asif, C. Y. Lin, M. Holtmannspoetter, and B. Schmauss, “Multi-span digital non-linear compensation for dual-polarization quadrature phase shift keying long-haul communication systems,” Opt. Commun. 285, 1814–1818 (2012). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Nolle, J. Hilt, L. Molle, M. Seimetz, and R. Freund, “8×224Gbit/s PDM 16QAM WDM transmission with real-time signal processing at the transmitter,” in 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), September2010, paper We.8.C.4.
  16. M. S. Alfiad, M. Kuschnerov, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, D. van den Borne, and H. de Waardt, “11×224-Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-16QAM transmission over 670  km of SSMF with 50-GHz channel spacing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1150–1152 (2010). [CrossRef]
  17. V. Sleiffer, M. S. Alfiad, D. van den Borne, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, M. Hirano, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sasaki, S. L. Jansen, T. Wuth, and H. de Waardt, “10×224-zGb/s POLMUX-16QAM transmission over 656 km of large Aeff PSCF with a spectral efficiency of 5.6  b/s/Hz,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1427–1429 (2011). [CrossRef]
  18. D. Rafique, J. Zhao, and A. Ellis, “Digital back-propagation for spectrally efficient WDM 112  Gbit/s PM m-ary QAM transmission,” Opt. Express 19, 5219–5224 (2011). [CrossRef]
  19. M. Mussolin, D. Rafique, J. Martensson, M. Forzati, J. Fischer, L. Molle, M. Nlle, C. Schubert, and A. Ellis, “Polarization multiplexed 224  Gb/s 16QAM transmission employing digital back-propagation,” in 37th European Conference and Exposition on Optical Communications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.8.B.6.
  20. S. Kumar and D. Yang, “Optical backpropagation for fiber-optic communications using highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1038–1040 (2011). [CrossRef]
  21. M. Matsumoto, “Fiber-based all-optical signal regeneration,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 738–752 (2012). [CrossRef]
  22. M. Matsumoto and K. Sanuki, “Performance improvement of DPSK signal transmission by a phase-preserving amplitude limiter,” Opt. Express 15, 8094–8103 (2007). [CrossRef]
  23. K. Kawanishi, F. Drouet, K. Itoh, and T. Konishi, “Highly accurate compensation technique for 10-GHz pulse intensity fluctuation using SPM-based all-optical intensity limiter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 119–121 (2012). [CrossRef]
  24. M. Pelusi and B. Eggleton, “Optically tunable compensation of nonlinear signal distortion in optical fiber by end-span optical phase conjugation,” Opt. Express 20, 8015–8023 (2012). [CrossRef]
  25. D. Rafique and A. D. Ellis, “Various nonlinearity mitigation techniques employing optical and electronic approaches,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1838–1840 (2011). [CrossRef]
  26. R. Asif, M. K. Islam, and M. Zafrullah, “Analysis and application of scalable non-linear equalization in 112  Gbit/s DP-64QAM coherent transmission over single mode fibers,” in Photonics Global Conference (PGC), December, 2012, paper c12a345.
  27. G. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 2001).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited