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Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

| EXPLORING THE INTERFACE OF LIGHT AND BIOMEDICINE

  • Editor: Gregory W. Faris
  • Vol. 4, Iss. 12 — Nov. 10, 2009

Light scattering calculations exploring sensitivity of depolarization ratio to shape changes. II. Single rod-shaped vegetative bacteria in air

Burt V. Bronk and Stephen D. Druger  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 48, Issue 30, pp. 5655-5663 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.48.005655


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Abstract

In article I of this series, calculations and graphs of the depolarization ratio, D ( Θ , λ ) = 1 < S 22 > / < S 11 > , for light scattered from an ensemble of single-aerosolized Bacillus spores using the discrete dipole approximation (DDA) (sometimes also called the coupled dipole approximation) were presented. The S i j in these papers denote the appropriate Mueller matrix elements. We compare graphs for different size parameters for both D ( Θ , λ ) and the ratio R 34 ( Θ , λ ) = < S 34 > / < S 11 > . The ratio R 34 ( Θ , λ ) was shown previously to be sensitive to diameters of rod-shaped and spherical bacteria suspended in liquids. The present paper isolates the effect of length changes and shows that R 34 ( Θ , λ ) is not very sensitive to these changes, but D ( Θ , λ ) is sensitive to length changes when the aspect ratio becomes small enough. In the present article, we extend our analysis to vegetative bacteria which, because of their high percentage of water, generally have a substantially lower index of refraction than spores. The parameters used for the calculations were chosen to simulate values previously measured for log-phase Escherichia coli. Each individual E. coli bacterium appears microscopically approximately like a right-circular cylinder, capped smoothly at each end by a hemisphere of the same diameter. With the present model we focus particular attention on determining the effect, if any, of length changes on the graphs of D ( Θ , λ ) and R 34 ( Θ , λ ) . We study what happens to these two functions when the diameters of the bacteria remain constant and their basic shape remains that of a capped cylinder, but with total length changed by reducing the length of the cylindrical part of each cell. This approach also allows a test of the model, since the limiting case as the length of the cylindrical part approaches zero is exactly a sphere, which is known to give a value identically equal to zero for D ( Θ , λ ) but not for R 34 ( Θ , λ ) .

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(280.1100) Remote sensing and sensors : Aerosol detection
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar
(290.1090) Scattering : Aerosol and cloud effects
(290.5850) Scattering : Scattering, particles
(280.1415) Remote sensing and sensors : Biological sensing and sensors
(290.5855) Scattering : Scattering, polarization

ToC Category:
Scattering

History
Original Manuscript: June 16, 2009
Revised Manuscript: September 2, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: September 9, 2009
Published: October 12, 2009

Virtual Issues
Vol. 4, Iss. 12 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Burt V. Bronk and Stephen D. Druger, "Light scattering calculations exploring sensitivity of depolarization ratio to shape changes. II. Single rod-shaped vegetative bacteria in air," Appl. Opt. 48, 5655-5663 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/vjbo/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-48-30-5655


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References

  1. C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983).
  2. S. D. Druger, J. Czege, Z. Z. Li, and B. V. Bronk, “Light scattering calculations exploring sensitivity of depolarization to shape changes for: I. Single spores in air,” Appl. Opt. 48, 716-724 (2009). Note: the values used for the indices of refraction for Bacillus cereus spores were mistakenly attributed by one of us (BVB) to M. Querry and M. Milham. The experimental data were actually due to P. S. Tuminello, M. E. Milham, B. N. Khare, and E. T. Arakawa. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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