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Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics


  • Editors: Andrew Dunn and Anthony Durkin
  • Vol. 6, Iss. 1 — Jan. 3, 2011

Flooded mask for underwater and above-water vision

Luca Mercatelli, Elisa Sani, Paola Sansoni, Franco Francini, Daniela Fontani, and David Jafrancesco  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 49, Issue 31, pp. 6134-6138 (2010)

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An innovative flooded mask allows seeing both in air and underwater, thus overcoming the drawbacks of commercially available masks. The underwater telescope scheme is applied to a new flooded scuba mask obtaining correct eyesight in both underwater and above-water conditions. Optical design analyses and a test campaign on a sample of free divers have demonstrated that the mask is able to provide a well- corrected vision in both conditions. Three prototypes, with increasing optical performances, have been optically and mechanically optimized and then realized.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(080.2740) Geometric optics : Geometric optical design
(220.3620) Optical design and fabrication : Lens system design
(330.1070) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision - acuity
(330.4460) Vision, color, and visual optics : Ophthalmic optics and devices

ToC Category:
Optical Design and Fabrication

Original Manuscript: July 22, 2010
Revised Manuscript: September 20, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: September 22, 2010
Published: October 28, 2010

Virtual Issues
Vol. 6, Iss. 1 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Luca Mercatelli, Elisa Sani, Paola Sansoni, Franco Francini, Daniela Fontani, and David Jafrancesco, "Flooded mask for underwater and above-water vision," Appl. Opt. 49, 6134-6138 (2010)

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  1. U. Pelizzari and S. Tovaglieri, Manual of Freediving: Underwater on a Single Breath(Idelson Gnocchi, 2004).
  2. F. Jenkins and H. E. White, Fundamentals of Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1972).
  3. E. Hecht and A. Zajac, Optics (Addison-Wesley, 1977).
  4. J. M. Geary, Introduction to Lens Design (Willmann-Bell, 2002).
  5. B. H. Walker, Optical Engineering Fundamentals (McGraw-Hill, 1995).
  6. M. Millodot, Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 6th ed. (Butterworth-Heinemann, 2004).
  7. Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche, Istituto Nazionale Ottica Applicata, “Diving mask for underwater and air vision,” PCT patent WO2009138959 (13 May 2009).

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