OSA's Digital Library

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

| EXPLORING THE INTERFACE OF LIGHT AND BIOMEDICINE

  • Editors: Andrew Dunn and Anthony Durkin
  • Vol. 7, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2012

Angle resolved color of bulk scattering media

Magnus Neuman, Ludovic G. Coppel, and Per Edström  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 36, pp. 6555-6563 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.50.006555


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (583 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The angle resolved reflectance factor of matte samples is measured with a goniophotometer and simulated using radiative transfer theory. Both measurements and simulations display the same characteristic dependence of the reflectance factor on the observation angle. The angle resolved reflectance spectra are translated to CIELAB color coordinates and the angular color differences are found to be surprisingly large. A chromatic adaptation that is dependent on the observation angle is suggested, in which a nonabsorbing opaque medium is used as the reference white, and the angular color differences are then reduced. Furthermore, the use of an undyed paper as the reference white is evaluated. The angular lightness differences are then reduced further, but the angular differences in chroma are still large. It is suggested that smaller variations in perceived color could be explained by angle dependent chromatic adaptation and a limited sensitivity of the human visual system to changes in chroma.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(030.5620) Coherence and statistical optics : Radiative transfer
(290.7050) Scattering : Turbid media
(330.1710) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color, measurement
(330.1730) Vision, color, and visual optics : Colorimetry

ToC Category:
Vision, Color, and Visual Optics

History
Original Manuscript: June 27, 2011
Revised Manuscript: August 23, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: September 7, 2011
Published: December 12, 2011

Virtual Issues
Vol. 7, Iss. 2 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Magnus Neuman, Ludovic G. Coppel, and Per Edström, "Angle resolved color of bulk scattering media," Appl. Opt. 50, 6555-6563 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/vjbo/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-50-36-6555


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. G. Wyszecki and W. S. Stiles, Color Science (Wiley, 2000).
  2. R. W. G. Hunt, Measuring Colour (Fountain, 1998).
  3. International Organization for Standardization, “Paper, board and pulps—measurement of diffuse reflectance factor,” ISO 2469 (International Organization for Standardization, 1994).
  4. Deutsches Institut für Normung e. V., “Colorimetry; spectrophotometric method,” DIN 5033-4 (Deutsches Institut für Normung e. V., 1992).
  5. F. W. Billmeyer Jr. and R. T. Marcus, “Effect of illuminating and viewing geometry on the color coordinates of samples with various surface textures,” Appl. Opt. 8, 763–768 (1969). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. N. Dalal and K. M. Natale-Hoffman, “The effect of gloss on color,” Color Res. Appl. 24, 369–376 (1999). [CrossRef]
  7. W. Ji, M. R. Pointer, R. M. Luo, and J. Dakin, “Gloss as an aspect of the measurement of appearance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 22–33 (2006). [CrossRef]
  8. P. Kubelka and F. Munk, “Ein beitrag zur optik der farbanstriche,” Z. Tech. Phys. 11a, 593–601 (1931).
  9. M. Neuman and P. Edström, “Anisotropic reflectance from turbid media. I. theory,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, 1032–1039 (2010). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Neuman and P. Edström, “Anisotropic reflectance from turbid media. II. measurements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, 1040–1045 (2010). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Mikula, M. Ceppan, and K. Vasko, “Gloss and goniocolorimetry of printed materials,” Color Res. Appl. 28, 335–342(2003). [CrossRef]
  12. W. M. Chirdon, W. J. O’Brien, and R. E. Robertson, “Mechanisms of goniochromism relevant to restorative dentistry,” Dent. Mater. 25, 802–809 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. C. Oleari, “Colorimetry in optical coating,” Proc. SPIE 5963, 596305 (2005). [CrossRef]
  14. L. Simonot, M. Hébert, and D. Dupraz, “Goniocolorimetry: from measurement to representation in the CIELAB color space,” Color Res. Appl. 36, 169–178 (2011). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Neuman, P. Edström, M. Andersson, L. Coppel, and O. Norberg, “Angular variations of color in turbid media—the influence of bulk scattering on goniochromism in paper,” in Proceedings of the Fifth European Conference on Colour in Graphics, Imaging and Vision (Society for Imaging Science and Technology , 2010) pp. 407–413.
  16. A. Bhandari, B. Hamre, Ø. Frette, L. Zhao, J. J. Stamnes, and M. Kildemo, “Bidirectional reflectance distribution function of Spectralon white reflectance 23 standard illuminated by incoherent unpolarized and plane-polarized light,” Appl. Opt. 50, 2431–2442 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. Kienle and F. Foschum, “250 years Lambert surface: does it really exist?” Opt. Express 19, 3881–3889 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. International Organization for Standardization, “Paper—determination of light scattering and absorption coefficients (using Kubelka-Munk theory),” ISO 9416 (International Organization for Standardization, 1998).
  19. S. Chandrasekhar, Radiative Transfer (Dover, 1960).
  20. L. G. Henyey and J. L. Greenstein, “Diffuse radiation in the galaxy,” Astrophys. J. 93, 70–83 (1941). [CrossRef]
  21. W.-F. Cheong, S. A. Prahl, and A. J. Welch, “A review of the optical properties of biological tissues,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 2166–2185 (1990). [CrossRef]
  22. S. A. Prahl, M. J. C. van Gemert, and A. J. Welch, “Determining the optical properties of turbid media by using the adding-doubling method,” Appl. Opt. 32, 559–568 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. N. Joshi, C. Donner, and H. W. Jensen, “Noninvasive measurement of scattering anisotropy in turbid materials by nonnormal incident illumination,” Opt. Lett. 31, 936–938(2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. P. Edström, “A fast and stable solution method for the radiative transfer problem,” SIAM Rev. 47, 447–468 (2005). [CrossRef]
  25. M. Elias and G. Elias, “New and fast calculation for incoherent multiple scattering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 894–901 (2002). [CrossRef]
  26. M. I. Mishchenko, “Poynting-Stokes tensor and radiative transfer in discrete random media: the microphysical paradigm,” Opt. Express 18, 19770–19791 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. F. E. Nicodemus, J. C. Richmond, J. J. Hsia, I. W. Ginsberg, and T. Limperis, “Geometrical considerations and nomenclature for reflectance” (National Bureau of Standards, 1977).
  28. P. Edström, “A two-phase parameter estimation method for radiative transfer problems in paper industry applications,” Inverse Probl. Sci. Eng. 16, 927–951 (2008). [CrossRef]
  29. M. Oren and S. K. Nayar, “Generalization of the Lambertian model and implications for machine vision,” Int. J. Comput. Vis. 14, 227–251 (1995). [CrossRef]
  30. L. Simonot, “Photometric model of diffuse surfaces described as a distribution of interfaced Lambertian facets,” Appl. Opt. 48, 5793–5801 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. J.-S. Kim, M.-S. Cho, S. Westland, and M. R. Luo, “Image quality assessment for photographic images,” in Proceedings of AIC Colour 05—10th Congress of the International Colour Association, J.L.Nieves and JavierHernández-Andrés, eds. (AIC, 2005) pp. 1095–1098.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited