OSA's Digital Library

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

| EXPLORING THE INTERFACE OF LIGHT AND BIOMEDICINE

  • Editor: Gregory W. Faris
  • Vol. 3, Iss. 10 — Sep. 22, 2008

Depth of field extension with spherical optics

Pantazis Mouroulis  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 17, pp. 12995-13004 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.012995


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (264 KB) Open Access





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The introduction of spherical aberration in a lens design can be used to extend the depth of field while preserving resolution up to half the maximum diffraction-limited spatial frequency. Two low-power microscope objectives are shown that achieve an extension of ±0.88 λ in terms of wavefront error, which is shown to be comparable to alternative techniques but without the use of special phase elements. The lens performance is azimuth-independent and achromatic over the visible range.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(080.3620) Geometric optics : Lens system design
(110.4850) Imaging systems : Optical transfer functions
(110.7348) Imaging systems : Wavefront encoding

ToC Category:
Geometric optics

History
Original Manuscript: June 4, 2008
Revised Manuscript: August 6, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: August 6, 2008
Published: August 11, 2008

Virtual Issues
Vol. 3, Iss. 10 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Pantazis Mouroulis, "Depth of field extension with spherical optics," Opt. Express 16, 12995-13004 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/vjbo/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-17-12995


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. W. T. Welford, "Use of annular apertures to increase focal depth," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 749-754 (1960). [CrossRef]
  2. S. Bagheri and B. Javidi, "Extension of depth of field using amplitude and phase modulation of the pupil function," Opt. Lett. 33, 757-759 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. S. Sherif, W. T. Cathey and E. R. Dowski, "Phase plate to extend the depth of field of incoherent hybrid imaging systems," Appl. Opt. 43, 2709-2721 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. E. Ben-Eliezer, E. Marom, N. Konforti, and Z. Zalevsky, "Experimental realization of an imaging system with an extended depth of field," Appl. Opt. 44, 2792-2798 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. Mikula, Z. Jaroszewicz, A. Kolodziejczyk, K. Petelczyc, and M. Sypek, "Imaging with extended focal depth by means of lenses with radial and angular modulation," Opt. Express 15, 9184-9193 (2007), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-15-15-9184. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. N. George and W. Chi, "Extended depth of field using a logarithmic asphere," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S157-S163 (2003). [CrossRef]
  7. S. Sanyal and A. Ghosh, "High focal depth with quasi-bifocus birefringent lens," Appl. Opt. 39, 2321-2325 (2000). [CrossRef]
  8. Z. Zalevsky and S. Ben-Yaish, "Extended depth of focus imaging with birefringent plate," Opt. Express 15, 7204-7210 (2007), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-15-12-7202. [CrossRef]
  9. G. Frédéric, "Advances in camera phone picture quality," Photonics Spectra, Nov. 2007, p. 50(no archival literature references found)
  10. E. R. Dowski and W. T. Cathey, "Extended depth of field through wave-front coding," Appl. Opt. 34, 1859-1866 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. Bartelt, J. Ojeda-Castañeda and E. E. Sicre, "Misfocus tolerance seen by simple inspection of the ambiguity function," Appl. Opt. 23, 2693-2696 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. C. Tucker, W. T. Cathey and E. R. DowskiJr, "Extended depth of field and aberration control for inexpensive digital microscope systems," Opt. Express 4, 467-474 (1999). http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-4-11-467. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. P. E. X. Silveira and R. Narayanswamy, "Signal-to-noise analysis of task-based imaging systems with defocus," Appl. Opt. 46, 2924-2934 (2006). [CrossRef]
  14. W. N. Charman and H. Whitefoot, "Pupil diameter and the depth-of-field of the human eye as measured by laser speckle," Optica Acta 24, 1211-1216 (1977). [CrossRef]
  15. S. Mezouari and A. R. Harvey, "Phase pupil functions for reduction of defocus and spherical aberrations," Opt. Lett. 28, 771-773 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. V. N. Mahajan, Optical Imaging and Aberrations, Part II. Wave Diffraction Optics, Ch.2, SPIE Press, Bellingham, WA (2001).
  17. P. Mouroulis and J. Macdonald, Geometrical Optics and Optical Design, p. 324, Oxford University Press, New York/Oxford (1997).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited