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Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

| EXPLORING THE INTERFACE OF LIGHT AND BIOMEDICINE

  • Editor: Gregory W. Faris
  • Vol. 5, Iss. 1 — Jan. 4, 2010

Laser selective cutting of biological tissues by impulsive heat deposition through ultrafast vibrational excitations

Kresimir Franjic, Michael L. Cowan, Darren Kraemer, and R. J. Dwayne Miller  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 25, pp. 22937-22959 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.022937


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Abstract

Mechanical and thermodynamic responses of biomaterials after impulsive heat deposition through vibrational excitations (IHDVE) are investigated and discussed. Specifically, we demonstrate highly efficient ablation of healthy tooth enamel using 55 ps infrared laser pulses tuned to the vibrational transition of interstitial water and hydroxyapatite around 2.95 µm. The peak intensity at 13 GW/cm2 was well below the plasma generation threshold and the applied fluence 0.75 J/cm2 was significantly smaller than the typical ablation thresholds observed with nanosecond and microsecond pulses from Er:YAG lasers operating at the same wavelength. The ablation was performed without adding any superficial water layer at the enamel surface. The total energy deposited per ablated volume was several times smaller than previously reported for non-resonant ultrafast plasma driven ablation with similar pulse durations. No micro-cracking of the ablated surface was observed with a scanning electron microscope. The highly efficient ablation is attributed to an enhanced photomechanical effect due to ultrafast vibrational relaxation into heat and the scattering of powerful ultrafast acoustic transients with random phases off the mesoscopic heterogeneous tissue structures.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3070) Lasers and laser optics : Infrared and far-infrared lasers
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(170.1020) Medical optics and biotechnology : Ablation of tissue
(170.1610) Medical optics and biotechnology : Clinical applications

ToC Category:
Medical Optics and Biotechnology

History
Original Manuscript: September 9, 2009
Revised Manuscript: November 10, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: November 11, 2009
Published: December 1, 2009

Virtual Issues
Vol. 5, Iss. 1 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Kresimir Franjic, Michael L. Cowan, Darren Kraemer, and R. J. Dwayne Miller, "Laser selective cutting of biological tissues by impulsive heat deposition through ultrafast
 vibrational excitations," Opt. Express 17, 22937-22959 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/vjbo/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-25-22937


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