The retrieval of ocean color radiometry from space-based sensors requires
on-orbit vicarious calibration to achieve the level of accuracy desired for quantitative oceanographic applications. The approach developed by the NASA Ocean Biology Processing Group (OBPG) adjusts the integrated instrument and atmospheric correction system to retrieve normalized water-leaving radiances that are in agreement with ground truth measurements.
The method is independent of the satellite sensor or the source of the ground truth data, but it is specific to the atmospheric correction algorithm.
The OBPG vicarious calibration approach is described in detail, and results are presented for the operational calibration of SeaWiFS using data from the Marine Optical Buoy (MOBY) and observations of clear-water sites in the South Pacific and southern Indian Ocean. It is shown that the vicarious calibration allows SeaWiFS to reproduce the MOBY radiances and achieve good agreement with radiometric and chlorophyll a measurements from independent in situ sources. We also find that the derived vicarious gains show no significant temporal or geometric dependencies, and that the mission-average calibration reaches stability after
© 2007 Optical Society of America
(010.0010) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric and oceanic optics
(010.4450) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic optics
(120.0120) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
(120.5630) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Radiometry
(280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors : Remote sensing and sensors
Original Manuscript: February 5, 2007
Revised Manuscript: April 2, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: April 3, 2007
Published: July 9, 2007
Vol. 2, Iss. 9 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics
Bryan A. Franz, Sean W. Bailey, P. Jeremy Werdell, and Charles R. McClain, "Sensor-independent approach to the vicarious calibration of satellite ocean color radiometry," Appl. Opt. 46, 5068-5082 (2007)