We use a layered model of normal human skin based on size distributions of polydisperse spherical particles and their complex refractive indices to compute the Stokes scattering matrix at wavelengths in the visible spectral band. The elements of the Stokes scattering matrix are required in a polarized radiative transfer code for a coupled air–tissue system to compute the polarized reflectance and examine how it is dependent on the vertical structure of the inherent optical properties of skin, including the phase matrix. Thus, the elements of the Stokes scattering matrix can be useful for investigating polarization-dependent light propagation in turbid optical media, such as human skin tissue.
© 2012 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: August 2, 2012
Revised Manuscript: September 25, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: October 1, 2012
Published: October 23, 2012
Vol. 7, Iss. 12 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics
Anak Bhandari, Snorre Stamnes, Børge Hamre, Øyvind Frette, Knut Stamnes, and Jakob J. Stamnes, "Stokes scattering matrix for human skin," Appl. Opt. 51, 7487-7498 (2012)