OSA's Digital Library

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

| EXPLORING THE INTERFACE OF LIGHT AND BIOMEDICINE

  • Editors: Andrew Dunn and Anthony Durkin
  • Vol. 8, Iss. 3 — Apr. 4, 2013

Studies on some of the inherent optical properties of natural waters [Invited]

Edward S. Fry  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 52, Issue 5, pp. 930-939 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.52.000930


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (833 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The author’s experimental activities in ocean optics that are related to the inherent optical properties of natural waters are discussed. The specific subjects discussed are (1) measurements of Mueller matrices for several ocean water regions; (2) measurements of the spectral absorption of pure water throughout the visible spectrum; (3) the development of an in situ absorption meter that provides higher accuracy than is available for any other inherent optical property; (4) a relatively simple expression for the refractive index of water as a function of temperature, salinity, and wavelength; and (5) development of the first instrument to directly determine the backscattering coefficient bb.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.4458) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic scattering
(010.1030) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Absorption

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

History
Original Manuscript: September 17, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: October 29, 2012
Published: February 6, 2013

Virtual Issues
(2013) Advances in Optics and Photonics
Vol. 8, Iss. 3 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Edward S. Fry, "Studies on some of the inherent optical properties of natural waters [Invited]," Appl. Opt. 52, 930-939 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/vjbo/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-52-5-930


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. G. F. Beardsley, “Mueller scattering matrix of sea water,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 52–57 (1968). [CrossRef]
  2. E. A. Kadyshevich, Y. S. Lyubovtseva, and G. V. Rozenberg, “Light-scattering matrices of Pacific and Atlantic Ocean waters,” Izv. Atmos. Ocean. Phys. 12, 106–111 (1976).
  3. Y. A. Kadyshevich, Y. S. Lyubovtseva, and I. N. Plakhina, “Measurement of matrices for light scattered by sea water,” Izv. Atmos. Ocean. Phys. 7, 367–371 (1971).
  4. Y. A. Kadyshevich, “Light-scattering matrices of inshore waters of the Baltic Sea,” Izv. Atmos. Ocean. Phys. 13, 77–78 (1977).
  5. K. J. Voss, “Measurement of the Mueller matrix for ocean water,” Ph.D. dissertation, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas (1984).
  6. R. C. Thompson, J. R. Bottiger, and E. S. Fry, “Measurement of polarized light scattering interactions via the Mueller matrix,” Appl. Opt. 19, 1323–1332 (1980). [CrossRef]
  7. A. J. Hunt and D. R. Huffman, “A new polarization-modulated light scattering instrument,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 44, 1753–1762 (1973). [CrossRef]
  8. K. J. Voss and E. S. Fry, “Measurement of the Mueller matrix for ocean water,” Appl. Opt. 23, 4427–4439 (1984). [CrossRef]
  9. R. A. J. Litjens, T. I. Quickenden, and C. G. Freeman, “Visible and near-ultraviolet absorption spectrum of liquid water,” Appl. Opt. 38, 1216–1223 (1999). [CrossRef]
  10. R. C. Smith and K. S. Baker, “Optical properties of the clearest natural waters (200–800 nm),” Appl. Opt. 20, 177–184 (1981). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Morel, “Optical properties of oceanic case I waters, revisited,” Proc. SPIE 2963, 108–114 (1997). [CrossRef]
  12. A. C. Tam and C. K. N. Patel, “Optical absorptions of light and heavy water by laser optoacoustic spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 18, 3348–3358 (1979). [CrossRef]
  13. H. Buiteveld, J. H. M. Hakvoort, and M. Donze, “The optical properties of pure water,” Proc. SPIE 2258, 174–183 (1994). [CrossRef]
  14. F. M. Sogandares, “The spectral absorption of pure water,” Ph.D. dissertation, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas (1991).
  15. F. M. Sogandares and E. S. Fry, “Absorption spectrum (340–640 nm) of pure water. I. Photothermal measurements,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8699–8709 (1997). [CrossRef]
  16. P. Elterman, “Integrating cavity spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 9, 2141–2142 (1970).
  17. E. S. Fry, G. W. Kattawar, and R. M. Pope, “Integrating cavity absorption meter,” Appl. Opt. 31, 2055–2065 (1992). [CrossRef]
  18. R. M. Pope, “Optical absorption of pure water and sea water using the integrating cavity absorption meter,” Ph.D. dissertation, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas (1993).
  19. E. S. Fry, J. Musser, G. W. Kattawar, and P.-W. Zhai, “Integrating cavities: temporal response,” Appl. Opt. 45, 9053–9065 (2006). [CrossRef]
  20. R. M. Pope and E. S. Fry, “Absorption spectrum (380–700 nm) of pure water: II. integrating cavity measurements,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8710–8723 (1997). [CrossRef]
  21. Interational Ocean-Color Coordinating Group, “Remote sensing of ocean color in coastal, and other optically-complex, waters,” in Reports of the International Ocean-Color Coordinating Group, No. 3, S. Sathyendranath, ed. (IOCCG, 2000), p. 41.
  22. M. Cone, J. Musser, and E. S. Fry, are preparing a manuscript to be called “A new high reflectivity diffuse reflector for the UV to near infrared.”.
  23. R. A. Cruz, A. Marcano, C. Jacinto, and T. Catunda, “Ultrasensitive thermal lens spectroscopy of water,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1882–1884 (2009). [CrossRef]
  24. J. T. O. Kirk, “Point-source integrating-cavity absorption meter: theoretical principles and numerical modeling,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6123–6128 (1997). [CrossRef]
  25. R. A. Leathers, T. V. Downes, and C. O. Davis, “Analysis of a point-source integrating-cavity absorption meter,” Appl. Opt. 39, 6118–6127 (2000). [CrossRef]
  26. A. G. Dekker, V. E. Brando, P. J. Daniel, J. M. Anstee, and L. Clementson, “PSICAM—from myth to reality,” presented at Ocean Optics XVI, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 18–22 November2002, paper 108.
  27. R. Röttgers and R. Doerffer, “Measurements of optical absorption by chromophoric dissolved organic matter using a point-source integrating-cavity absorption meter,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 5, 126–135 (2007). [CrossRef]
  28. R. Röttgers, C. Häse, and R. Doerffer, “Determination of particulate absorption of microalgae using a point source integrating cavity absorption meter,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods 5, 1–12 (2007). [CrossRef]
  29. R. D. Röttgers and S. Gehnke, “Measurement of light absorption by aquatic particles: improvement of the quantitative filter technique by use of an integrating sphere approach,” Appl. Opt. 51, 1336–1351 (2012). [CrossRef]
  30. M. D. Wheeler, S. M. Newman, A. J. Orr-Ewing, and M. N. R. Ashfold, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 94, 337–351 (1998). [CrossRef]
  31. R. D. van Zee, J. T. Hodges, and J. P. Looney, “Pulsed, single-mode cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3951–3960 (1999). [CrossRef]
  32. D. M. Hobbs and N. J. McCormick, “Design of an integrating cavity absorption meter,” Appl. Opt. 38, 456–461 (1999). [CrossRef]
  33. N. J. McCormick, “Design of a flow-through integrating cavity for measuring the optical absorption coefficient,” in OCEANS ’99 MTS/IEEE (IEEE, 1999), pp. 359–362.
  34. D. J. Gray, G. W. Kattawar, and E. S. Fry, “Design and analysis of a flow-through integrating cavity absorption meter,” Appl. Opt. 45, 8990–8998 (2006). [CrossRef]
  35. J. A. Musser, E. S. Fry, and D. J. Gray, “Flow-through integrating cavity absorption meter: experimental results,” Appl. Opt. 48, 3596–3602 (2009). [CrossRef]
  36. J. Crawford, “A new low cost in-situ multi-spectral absorption meter—ICAM,” presented at Ocean Optics XX, Anchorage, Alaska, 27 September–1 October2010, paper 100789.
  37. R. W. Austin and G. Halikas, “The index of refraction of seawater,” SIO Ref. 76-1 (Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 1976).
  38. W. Matthaus, “Empirical equations for refractive-index of sea-water,” Beitr. Meereskd. 33, 73–78 (1974).
  39. G. T. McNeil, “Metrical fundamentals of underwater lens system,” Opt. Eng. 16, 128–139 (1977). [CrossRef]
  40. P. D. T. Huibers, “Models for the wavelength dependence of the index of refraction of water,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3785–3787 (1997). [CrossRef]
  41. J. R. Frisvad, “Empirical formula for the refractive index of freezing brine,” Appl. Opt. 48, 2149–2153 (2009). [CrossRef]
  42. J.-F. Berthon, E. Shybanov, M. E.-G. Lee, and G. Zibordi, “Measurements and modeling of the volume scattering function in the coastal northern Adriatic Sea,” Appl. Opt. 46, 5189–5203 (2007). [CrossRef]
  43. A. G. Bogdan and E. S. Boss, “Evaluation of a compact sensor for backscattering and absorption,” Appl. Opt. 50, 3758–3772 (2011). [CrossRef]
  44. D. R. Dana and R. A. Maffione, “Determining the backward scattering coefficient with fixed-angle backscattering sensors-revisited,” presented at Ocean Optics XVI, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 18–22 November2002, paper 212.
  45. T. Oishi, “Significant relationship between the backward scattering coefficient of sea water and the scatterance at 120°,” Appl. Opt. 29, 4658–4665 (1990). [CrossRef]
  46. J. M. Sullivan and M. S. Twardowski, “Angular shape of the oceanic particulate volume scattering function in the backward direction,” Appl. Opt. 48, 6811–6819 (2009). [CrossRef]
  47. D. Haubrich, J. Musser, and E. S. Fry, “Instrumentation to measure the backscattering coefficient bb for arbitrary phase functions,” Appl. Opt. 50, 4134–4147 (2011). [CrossRef]
  48. T. J. Petzold, Volume Scattering Functions for Selected Ocean Waters (Scripps Institution of Oceanography Visibility Laboratory, 1972).
  49. D. J. Gray, Naval Research Laboratory–Code 7231, Washington, D.C. (personal communication, 2011).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited