Mid-infrared attenuated total reflection (Mid-IR-ATR) spectra (4000-380 cm−1) of pericarp, germ, and endosperm sections from sound and Fusarium-damaged wheat kernels of cultivars Everest and Tomahawk were collected using a Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrometer. The differences in infrared absorption bands between sound and Fusarium-damaged kernels were examined. Absorption bands in which differences were identified were compared with the mid-IR-ATR absorption bands of deoxynivalenol (DON) and Fusarium graminearum hyphae. Marked differences in absorption patterns were observed between sound and Fusarium-damaged pericarp and germ spectra, whereas those differences were negligible in the endosperm spectra. Fusarium-damaged pericarp and germ spectra exhibited a shift in the peak position of the band near 1035 cm−1 along with increased absorptions at 1160, 1203, 1313, and 1375 cm−1, likely due to the influence of DON and fungi in the Fusarium-damaged kernel tissue matrix. These results suggest that infrared spectroscopy can detect DON in the surface tissues of Fusarium-damaged wheat kernels.
Vol. 7, Iss. 11 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics
Kamaranga H. S. Peiris, William W. Bockus, and Floyd E. Dowell, "Infrared Spectral Properties of Germ, Pericarp, and Endosperm Sections of Sound Wheat Kernels and Those Damaged by Fusarium graminearum," Appl. Spectrosc. 66, 1053-1060 (2012)