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Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

| EXPLORING THE INTERFACE OF LIGHT AND BIOMEDICINE

  • Editor: Gregory W. Faris
  • Vol. 3, Iss. 1 — Jan. 29, 2008

Signal detection in power-law noise: effect of spectrum exponents

Arthur E. Burgess and Philip F. Judy  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 24, Issue 12, pp. B52-B60 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.24.000B52


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Abstract

Many natural backgrounds have approximately isotropic power spectra of the power-law form, P ( f ) = K f β , where f is radial frequency. For natural scenes and mammograms, the values of the exponent, β, range from 1.5 to 3.5. The ideal observer model predicts that for signals with certain properties and backgrounds that can be treated as random noise, a plot of log (contrast threshold) versus log (signal size) will be linear with slope, m, given by: m = ( β 2 ) 2 . This plot is referred to as a contrast-detail (CD) diagram. It is interesting that this predicts a detection threshold that is independent of signal size for β equal to 2. We present two-alternative forced-choice (2AFC) detection results for human and channelized model observers of a simple signal in filtered noise with exponents from 1.5 to 3.5. The CD diagram results are in good agreement with the prediction of this equation.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.0330) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision, color, and visual optics
(330.1880) Vision, color, and visual optics : Detection
(330.4060) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision modeling
(330.5510) Vision, color, and visual optics : Psychophysics

History
Original Manuscript: March 5, 2007
Revised Manuscript: July 4, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: July 10, 2007
Published: September 26, 2007

Virtual Issues
Vol. 3, Iss. 1 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Arthur E. Burgess and Philip F. Judy, "Signal detection in power-law noise: effect of spectrum exponents," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, B52-B60 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/vjbo/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-24-12-B52


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