OSA's Digital Library

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

| EXPLORING THE INTERFACE OF LIGHT AND BIOMEDICINE

  • Editor: Gregory W. Faris
  • Vol. 2, Iss. 8 — Aug. 10, 2007

Measurement of the relationship between perceived and computed color differences

Pedro A. García, Rafael Huertas, Manuel Melgosa, and Guihua Cui  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 24, Issue 7, pp. 1823-1829 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.24.001823


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (417 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Using simulated data sets, we have analyzed some mathematical properties of different statistical measurements that have been employed in previous literature to test the performance of different color-difference formulas. Specifically, the properties of the combined index P F 3 (performance factor obtained as average of three terms), widely employed in current literature, have been considered. A new index named standardized residual sum of squares (STRESS), employed in multidimensional scaling techniques, is recommended. The main difference between P F 3 and STRESS is that the latter is simpler and allows inferences on the statistical significance of two color-difference formulas with respect to a given set of visual data.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(330.1690) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color
(330.1730) Vision, color, and visual optics : Colorimetry

ToC Category:
Vision and Color

History
Original Manuscript: October 9, 2006
Revised Manuscript: February 8, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: February 8, 2007
Published: June 13, 2007

Virtual Issues
Vol. 2, Iss. 8 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Pedro A. García, Rafael Huertas, Manuel Melgosa, and Guihua Cui, "Measurement of the relationship between perceived and computed color differences," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 1823-1829 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/vjbo/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-24-7-1823


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. E. D. Montag and D. C. Wilber, "A comparison of constant stimuli and gray-scale methods of color difference scaling," Color Res. Appl. 28, 36-44 (2003). [CrossRef]
  2. M. R. Luo, "Development of colour-difference formulae," Rev. Prog. Color. Relat. Top. 32, 28-39 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. M. R. Luo, G. Cui, and B. Rigg, "The development of the CIE colour-difference formula: CIEDE2000," Color Res. Appl. 26, 340-350 (2001). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Melgosa, R. Huertas, and R. S. Berns, "Relative significance of the terms in the CIEDE2000 and CIE94 color-difference formulas," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 2269-2275 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. J. M. Gibert, J. M. Dagà, E. J. Gilabert, J. Valldeperas, and the Colorimetry Group, "Evaluation of colour difference formulae," Color Technol. 121, 147-152 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. H. Xu and H. Yaguchi, "Visual evaluation at scale of threshold to suprathreshold color difference," Color Res. Appl. 30, 198-208 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. J. H. Xin, H.-L. Shen, and C. C. Lam, "Investigation of texture effect on visual colour difference evaluation," Color Res. Appl. 30, 341-347 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. M. R. Luo, G. Cui, and C. Li, "Uniform colour spaces based on CIECAM02 colour appearance model," Color Res. Appl. 31, 320-330 (2006). [CrossRef]
  9. D. H. Alman, DuPont, 945 Stephenson Highway, P.O. Box 2802, Troy, Michigan, USA 48007-2802 (personal communication, 2000).
  10. G. Cui, M. R. Luo, and B. Rigg, "Colour difference evaluation under illuminant A," in Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the International Colour Association (AIC Colour 05) (AIC, 2005), pp. 575-578.
  11. D. H. Alman, R. S. Berns, G. D. Snyder, and W. A. Larsen, "Performance testing of color-difference metrics using a color tolerance dataset," Color Res. Appl. 14, 139-151 (1989). [CrossRef]
  12. J. B. Kruskal, "Multidimensional scaling by optimizing goodness of fit to a nonmetric hypothesis," Pychometrika 29, 1-27 (1964). [CrossRef]
  13. A. P. M. Coxon, The User's Guide to Multidimensional Scaling (Heinemann, 1982).
  14. S. S. Guan and M. R. Luo, "Investigation of parametric effects using small colour differences," Color Res. Appl. 24, 331-343 (1999). [CrossRef]
  15. M. R. Luo and B. Rigg, "BFD (l:c) colour-difference formula. Part 1—Development of the formula," J. Soc. Dyers Colour. 103, 86-94 (1987). [CrossRef]
  16. C. Alder, K. P. Chaing, T. F. Chong, E. Coates, A. A. Khalili, and B. Rigg, "Uniform chromaticity scales—new experimental data," J. Soc. Dyers Colour. 98, 14-20 (1982). [CrossRef]
  17. W. Schultze, "The usefulness of colour-difference formulae for fixing colour tolerances," in Proceedings AIC/Holland (Soesterberg, 1972), pp. 254-265.
  18. F. J. J. Clarke, R. McDonald, and B. Rigg, "Modification to the JPC79 colour-difference formula," J. Soc. Dyers Colour. 100, 128-132 (1984). [CrossRef]
  19. S. Y. Zhu, "Uniform colour spaces for image applications," Ph.D. dissertation (University of Derby, 2002), p. 24.
  20. M. A. López-Alvarez, J. Hernández-Andrés, J. Romero, and R. L. Lee, Jr., "Designing a practical system for spectral imaging of skylight," Appl. Opt. 44, 5688-5695 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. K. McLaren, "Colour passing—visual or instrumental," J. Soc. Dyers Colour. 86, 389-392 (1970). [CrossRef]
  22. G. G. Attridge and M. R. Pointer, "Some aspects of the visual scaling of large colour differences—II," Color Res. Appl. 25, 116-122 (2000). [CrossRef]
  23. R. S. Berns, D. H. Alman, L. Reniff, G. D. Snyder, and M. R. Balonon-Rosen, "Visual determination of suprathreshold color difference tolerances using probit analysis," Color Res. Appl. 16, 297-316 (1991). [CrossRef]
  24. F. H. Imai, M. R. Rosen, and R. S. Berns, "Comparative study of metrics for spectral match quality," in Proceedings of the 1st European Conference on Colour in Graphics, Image and Vision (CGIV, 2002), pp. 492-496.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited