OSA's Digital Library

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

| EXPLORING THE INTERFACE OF LIGHT AND BIOMEDICINE

  • Editor: Gregory W. Faris
  • Vol. 4, Iss. 6 — May. 26, 2009

Masked fake face detection using radiance measurements

Youngshin Kim, Jaekeun Na, Seongbeak Yoon, and Juneho Yi  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA A, Vol. 26, Issue 4, pp. 760-766 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAA.26.000760


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (774 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

This research presents a novel 2D feature space where real faces and masked fake faces can be effectively discriminated. We exploit the reflectance disparity based on albedo between real faces and fake materials. The feature vector used consists of radiance measurements of the forehead region under 850 and 685 nm illuminations. Facial skin and mask material show linearly separable distributions in the feature space proposed. By simply applying Fisher’s linear discriminant, we have achieved 97.78% accuracy in fake face detection. Our method can be easily implemented in commercial face verification systems.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(100.4998) Image processing : Pattern recognition, optical security and encryption
(240.6645) Optics at surfaces : Surface differential reflectance

ToC Category:
Image Processing

History
Original Manuscript: September 23, 2008
Revised Manuscript: December 22, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: February 1, 2009
Published: March 12, 2009

Virtual Issues
Vol. 4, Iss. 6 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Youngshin Kim, Jaekeun Na, Seongbeak Yoon, and Juneho Yi, "Masked fake face detection using radiance measurements," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 760-766 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/vjbo/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-26-4-760


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. F. Bettinger and T. F. Cootes, “A model of facial behaviour,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (IEEE, 2004), pp. 123-128. [CrossRef]
  2. J. Park, C. Kim, J. Na, and J. Yi, “Effectively exploiting distortion of structured light pattern for capturing depth discontinuities,” in Proceedings of the 13th Japan-Korea Joint Workshop on Frontiers of Computer Vision (2007), pp. 29-34.
  3. N. G. Jablonski and G. Chaplin, “The evolution of human skin coloration,” J. Human Evolution 39, 57-106 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. R. O. Duda, P. E. Hart, and D. G. Stork, Pattern Classification, 2nd ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 2000).
  5. K. Hadobás, S. Kirsch, A. Carl, M. Acet, and E. F. Wassermann, “Reflection properties of nanostructure-arrayed silicon surfaces,” Nanotechnology 11, 161-164 (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. M. Störring, “Computer vision and human skin colour,” in Ph.D. dissertation (Computer Vision and Media Technology Laboratory, Aalborg University, Denmark, 2004).
  7. E. Angelopoulou, “The reflectance spectrum of human skin,” Tech. Rep. MS-CIS-99-29 (Pennsylvania University, 1999).
  8. C. Donner and H. W. Jensen, “A spectral BSSRDF for human skin,” in Proceedings of Eurographics Symposium on Rendering Techniques (2006), pp. 409-417.
  9. C. Donner and H. W. Jensen, “Light diffusion in multilayered translucent material,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH 2005 Papers (ACM SIGGRAPH, 2005) pp. 1032-1039 (siggraph. org).
  10. R. Basri and D. Jacobs, “Photometric stereo with general, unknown lighting,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (IEEE, 2001), pp. 374-381.
  11. H. Hayakawa, “Photometric stereo under a light source with arbitrary motion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 3079-3089 (1994). [CrossRef]
  12. A. L. Yuille, D. Snow, R. Epstein, and P. N. Belhumeur, “Determining generative models of objects under varying illumination: shape and albedo from multiple images using SVD and integrability,” Int. J. Comput. Vis. 35, 203-222 (1999). [CrossRef]
  13. I. Kemelmacher and R. Basri, “Indexing with unknown illumination and pose,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (IEEE, 2005), pp. 909-916.
  14. P. N. Belhumeur, D. J. Kriegman, and A. L. Yuille, “The bas-relief ambiguity,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (IEEE, 1997), pp. 1060-1066.
  15. R. Epstein, A. L. Yuille, and P. N. Belhumeur, “Learning object representations from lighting variations,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Computer Vision (Springer-Verlag, 1996), pp. 179-199.
  16. A. Yuille and D. Snow, “Shape and albedo from multiple images using integrability,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (IEEE, 1997), pp. 158.
  17. W. Huang and R. Mariani, “Face detection and precise eyes location,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (IEEE, 2000), Vol. 4, pp. 722-727.
  18. S. G. Narasimhan, V. Ramesh, and S. K. Nayar, “A class of photometric invariants: separating material from shape and illumination,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 2, pp. 1387-1394. [CrossRef]
  19. Roithner LaserTechnik Co., http://www.roithner-laser.com.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited