We study the resolution of a subsurface microscopy system based on the use of an aplanatic solid immersion lens. Resolution limits under various criteria are calculated theoretically as well as numerically. Images of combinations of dipoles of various orientations are considered. Both lateral and longitudinal resolutions are studied. The theoretical criteria are compared against the visually resolvable simulated images of the dipoles. The observations are explained explicitly through a detailed analysis of the dyadic Green’s function. A new resolution criterion is also proposed, which provides a very accurate estimate of the resolution limits.
© 2012 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: January 23, 2012
Revised Manuscript: February 28, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: February 28, 2012
Published: May 30, 2012
Vol. 7, Iss. 8 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics
Rui Chen, Krishna Agarwal, Colin J. R. Sheppard, Jacob C. H. Phang, and Xudong Chen, "Resolution of aplanatic solid immersion lens based microscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 1059-1070 (2012)