This paper proposes and describes an implementation of a photometric stereo-based technique for in vivo assessment of three-dimensional (3D) skin topography in the presence of interreflections. The proposed method illuminates skin with red, green, and blue colored lights and uses the resulting variation in surface gradients to mitigate the effects of interreflections. Experiments were carried out on Caucasian, Asian, and African American subjects to demonstrate the accuracy of our method and to validate the measurements produced by our system. Our method produced significant improvement in 3D surface reconstruction for all Caucasian, Asian, and African American skin types. The results also illustrate the differences in recovered skin topography due to the nondiffuse bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) for each color illumination used, which also concur with the existing multispectral BRDF data available for skin.
© 2013 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: May 17, 2012
Revised Manuscript: December 21, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: December 28, 2012
Published: February 5, 2013
Vol. 8, Iss. 4 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics
Ali Sohaib, Abdul R. Farooq, Gary A. Atkinson, Lyndon N. Smith, Melvyn L. Smith, and Robert Warr, "In vivo measurement of skin microrelief using photometric stereo in the presence of interreflections," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 30, 278-286 (2013)