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Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

| EXPLORING THE INTERFACE OF LIGHT AND BIOMEDICINE

  • Editor: Gregory W. Faris
  • Vol. 1, Iss. 6 — Jun. 13, 2006

Video-based eyetracking methods and algorithms in head-mounted displays

Hong Hua, Prasanna Krishnaswamy, and Jannick P. Rolland  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 10, pp. 4328-4350 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.14.004328


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Abstract

Head pose is utilized to approximate a user’s line-of-sight for real-time image rendering and interaction in most of the 3D visualization applications using head-mounted displays (HMD). The eye often reaches an object of interest before the completion of most head movements. It is highly desirable to integrate eye-tracking capability into HMDs in various applications. While the added complexity of an eyetracked-HMD (ET-HMD) imposes challenges on designing a compact, portable, and robust system, the integration offers opportunities to improve eye tracking accuracy and robustness. In this paper, based on the modeling of an eye imaging and tracking system, we examine the challenges and identify parametric requirements for video-based pupil-glint tracking methods in an ET-HMD design, and predict how these parameters may affect the tracking accuracy, resolution, and robustness. We further present novel methods and associated algorithms that effectively improve eye-tracking accuracy and extend the tracking range.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.2040) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Displays
(120.2820) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Heads-up displays
(120.4640) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical instruments
(330.2210) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision - eye movements

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

History
Original Manuscript: February 14, 2006
Revised Manuscript: May 2, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: May 8, 2006
Published: May 15, 2006

Virtual Issues
Vol. 1, Iss. 6 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Hong Hua, Prasanna Krishnaswamy, and Jannick P. Rolland, "Video-based eyetracking methods and algorithms in head-mounted displays," Opt. Express 14, 4328-4350 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/vjbo/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-10-4328


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