OSA's Digital Library

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics


  • Editor: Gregory W. Faris
  • Vol. 1, Iss. 11 — Nov. 13, 2006

Comparisons of optical properties of the coastal ocean derived from satellite ocean color and in situ measurements

Grace C. Chang and Richard W. Gould, Jr.  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 22, pp. 10149-10163 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (580 KB) Open Access

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Satellite-derived optical properties are compared to in situ mooring and ship-based measurements at a coastal site. Comparisons include remote sensing reflectance (Rrs), chlorophyll concentration (Chl) using two different Chl algorithms, and spectral absorption [apg(λ)] and backscattering coefficients [bb(555)] using three different bio-optical algorithms. For mooring/shipboard comparisons, we observed mean relative errors of 70.5%/-3.8% (SeaWiFS OC4v4), -21.4%/-49.3% (SeaWiFS Stumpf), 109.5%/13.4% (MODIS OC3m) and 0.5%/-48.9% (MODIS Stumpf) for Chl. For satellite-derived and mooring comparisons of apg(412), we found mean relative errors of -69.4% (-67.1%), -52.6% (-48.9%), and -62.7% (-65.4%) for the Arnone, GSM, and QAA algorithms for SeaWiFS (MODIS), respectively. Mean relative errors of 21.3%, 19.9%, and 16.5% were found between SeaWiFS-derived (Arnone, GSM, and QAA algorithms, respectively) and moored bb(555) measurements. Discrepancies in Rrs at blue wavelengths are attributed to the satellite atmospheric correction and sea surface variations of the moored radiometers. High spatial and temporal variability of bio-optical properties coupled with differences in measurement techniques (pixel versus point) contribute to inconsistencies between remotely sensed and in situ bio-optical properties.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.4450) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic optics
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and ocean optics

Original Manuscript: June 30, 2006
Revised Manuscript: September 7, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: October 8, 2006
Published: October 30, 2006

Virtual Issues
Vol. 1, Iss. 11 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Grace C. Chang and Richard W. Gould, "Comparisons of optical properties of the coastal ocean derived from satellite ocean color and in situ measurements," Opt. Express 14, 10149-10163 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, "Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937-24,953 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. H. R. Gordon, O. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, "A semianalytical radiance model of ocean color," J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909-10,924 (1988). [CrossRef]
  3. Special Issue, "Coastal Ocean Optics and Dynamics," Oceanogr. 17, 8-95, (2004).
  4. M. Kahru and B. G. Mitchell, "Seasonal and nonseasonal variability of satellite-derived chlorophyll and colored dissolved organic matter concentration in the California Current," J. Geophys. Res. 106, 2517-2529 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. Z. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. A. Arnone, "Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: a multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters," Appl. Opt. 41, 5755-5772 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Maritorena, D. A. Siegel, and A. R. Peterson, "Optimization of a semianalytical ocean color model for global-scale applications," Appl. Opt. 41, 2705-2714 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. W. Gould, Jr. and R. A. Arnone, "Optical water mass classification for ocean color imagery," in Proceedings: Second International Conference, Current Problems in Optics of Natural Waters, I. Levin and G. Gilbert, eds., (St. Petersburg, Russia, 2003).
  8. R. W. GouldJr., R. A. Arnone, R. Smith, S. D. Ladner, and P. M. Martinolich, "Coastal transport of organic and inorganic matter from ocean color remote sensing," in Proceedings: Oceanography Society Annual Meeting, (New Orleans, LA, 2003).
  9. Special Issue, "Light in Shallow Waters," Limnol. Oceanogr. 48 (2003).
  10. G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, O. M. Schofield, A. D. Weidemann, E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. A. Moline, and S. M. Glenn, "Nearshore processes and bio-optical properties in the New York Bight," J. Geophys. Res. 107, 3133, doi:10.1029/2001JC001018 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, P. W. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, "Inversion of the spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight," J. Geophys. Res. 109, doi:10.1029/2003JC002071 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. G. C. Chang, "Analyses of bio-optical variability related to physical processes on the southern New England continental shelf: July 1996 - June 1997," Ph.D. dissertation (University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, 1999) pp. 150.
  13. S. Jiang, G. Chang, D. Manov, F. Spada, and T. Dickey, "Data Report: Hyperspectral Coastal Ocean Dynamics Experiment (HyCODE) Deployment III: 19 June - 6 August 2001," Ocean Physics Laboratory Tech. Rep. OPL-02-01 (Ocean Physics Lab., Univ. of Calif. at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, 2001) pp. 58.
  14. C. D. Mobley, Light and Water: Radiative Transfer in Natural Waters (Academic Press, San Diego, 1994).
  15. R. W. Gould, Jr. and R. A. Arnone, "Remote sensing estimates of inherent optical properties in a coastal environment," Remote Sens. Environ. 61, 290-301 (1997). [CrossRef]
  16. R. W. Gould, Jr., R. A. Arnone, and M. Sydor, "Absorption, scattering, and particle size relationships in coastal waters: Testing a new reflectance algorithm," J. Coastal Res. 17, 328-341 (2001).
  17. J. Perl and C. Trees, "The SDSU (CHORS) Method," in The Second SeaWiFS HPLC Analysis Round-Robin Experiment (SeaHARRE-2), Hooker et al., eds. (NASA/TM-2005-212785, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, 2005) 112 pp.
  18. P. M. Martinolich, "The Automated Satellite Data Processing System," http://www7333.nrlssc.navy.mil/docs/aps_v3.4/user/aps/ (2006).
  19. R. A. [REMOVED SEQ FIELD]Arnone, P. Martinolich, R. W. Gould, Jr., M. Sydor, R. Stumpf, and S. Ladner, "Coastal optical properties using SeaWiFS," in Proceedings: Ocean Optics XIV Meeting (Kona, HI, 1998).
  20. R. P. [REMOVED SEQ FIELD]Stumpf, R. A Arnone, R. W. Gould, Jr., P. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, "A partially-coupled ocean-atmosphere model for retrieval of water-leaving radiance from SeaWiFS in coastal waters," in Algorithm Updates for the Fourth SeaWiFS Data Reprocessing, Vol. 22, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds. (NASA Tech. Memo. 2002-206892, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, 2003).
  21. H. R. Gordon, T. Du, and T. Zhang, "Remote sensing of ocean color and aerosol properties: resolving the issue of aerosol absorption," Appl. Opt. 36, 8670-8684 (1997). [CrossRef]
  22. V. Ransibrahmanakul, and R. P. Stumpf, "Correcting ocean color reflectance for absorbing aerosols," Int. J. Remote Sens. (in press).
  23. J. E. O'Reilly, and 24 Coauthors, "SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, Part 3," in NASA Tech. Memo. 2000-206892, Vol. 11, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds., (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, 2000) 49 pp.
  24. R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, P. A. Tester, R. G. Steward, A. Subramaniam, M. Culver, and J. R. Pennock, "SeaWiFS ocean color data for US southeast coastal waters," in Proceedings: 6th Int. Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, (Charleston, NC, 2000) pp. 25-27.
  25. M. Sydor and R. A. Arnone, "Effect of suspended particulate and dissolved organic matter on remote sensing of coastal and riverine waters," Appl. Opt. 36, 6905-6912 (1997). [CrossRef]
  26. R. M. Pope and E. S Fry, "Absorption spectrum (380-700 nm) of pure water. II. Integrating cavity measurements," Appl. Opt. 36, 8710-8723 (1997). [CrossRef]
  27. R. W. Gould, Jr., R. A. Arnone, and P. M. Martinolich, "Spectral dependence of the scattering coefficient in Case 1 and Case 2 waters," Appl. Opt. 38, 2377-2383 (1999). [CrossRef]
  28. A. Morel, "Optical modeling of the upper ocean in relation to its biogenous matter content (Case I Waters)," J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,749-10,768 (1988). [CrossRef]
  29. G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, C. D. Mobley, E. Boss, and W. S. Pegau, "Toward closure of upwelling radiance in coastal waters," Appl. Opt. 42, 1574-1582 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. C. R. McClain, M. L. Cleave, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, S. B. Hooker, and N. Kuring, "Science quality SeaWiFS data for global biosphere research," Sea Tech. 39, 10-16 (1998).
  31. J. W. Campbell, "Methods for quantifying the uncertainty in a chlorophyll algorithm as demonstrated for the SeaWiFS algorithm," Remote Sens. Environ. (submitted).
  32. L. W. Harding, A. Magnuson, and M. E. Mallonee, "SeaWiFS retrievals of chlorophyll in Chesapeake Bay and the mid-Atlantic bight," Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 62, 75-94 (2005). [CrossRef]
  33. S. Ladner, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, Jr., and P. M. Martinolich, "Evaluation of SeaWiFS optical producst in coastal regions" Sea Tech. 43, 29-35 (2002).
  34. R. W. Gould, Jr. and R. A. Arnone, "Three-dimensional modeling of inherent optical properties in a coastal environment: coupling ocean color imagery and in situ measurements," Int. J. Remote Sens. 19, 21,41-21,59 (1998). [CrossRef]
  35. R. A. Arnone, B. Casey, D. Ko, J. Jollif, S. Ladner, and R. Gould, "Defining the bio-optical vertical structure and shelf exchange using ocean color combined with numerical models," in Proceedings: AGU/ASLO/TOS Ocean Sciences Meeting (Honolulu, HI, 2006).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited