OSA's Digital Library

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics


  • Editor: Gregory W. Faris
  • Vol. 1, Iss. 6 — Jun. 13, 2006

Liquid-filled hollow core microstructured polymer optical fiber

F. M. Cox, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 14, Issue 9, pp. 4135-4140 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (168 KB) Open Access

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Guidance in a liquid core is possible with microstructured optical fibers, opening up many possibilities for chemical and biochemical fiber-optic sensing. In this work we demonstrate how the bandgaps of a hollow core microstructured polymer optical fiber scale with the refractive index of liquid introduced into the holes of the microstructure. Such a fiber is then filled with an aqueous solution of (-)-fructose, and the resulting optical rotation measured. Hence, we show that hollow core microstructured polymer optical fibers can be used for sensing, whilst also fabricating a chiral optical fiber based on material chirality, which has many applications in its own right.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(160.4670) Materials : Optical materials
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystal Fibers

Original Manuscript: February 21, 2006
Revised Manuscript: April 12, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: April 13, 2006
Published: May 1, 2006

Virtual Issues
Vol. 1, Iss. 6 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

F. M. Cox, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, "Liquid-filled hollow core microstructured polymer optical fiber," Opt. Express 14, 4135-4140 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell and D. M. Atkin, "All-silica singe-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding," Opt. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (1996) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allen, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, and P. J. Bennett, "Developing holey fibres for evanescent field devices," Electron. Lett. 35, 1188-1189 (1999) [CrossRef]
  4. K. Newby, W. M. Reichert, J. D. Andrade, and R. E. Benner, "Remote spectroscopic sensing of chemical adsorption using a single multimode optical fiber," Appl. Opt. 23, 1812-1815 (1984) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, "Evanescent wave methane detection using optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 28, 2232-2234 (1992) [CrossRef]
  6. Y. L. Hoo, J. Wei, C. Shi, H. L. Ho, D. N Wang, and S. C. Ruan, "Design and modeling of a photonic crystal fiber gas sensor," Appl. Opt. 42, 3509-3515 (2003) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Pickeral, W. Peng, and A. Wang, "Random-hole optical fiber evanescent-wave gas sensing," Opt. Lett. 291476-1478 (2004) [CrossRef]
  8. J. B. Jensen, L. H. Pedersen, P. E. Hoiby, L. B. Nielsen, T. P. Hansen, J. R. Folkenberg, J. Riishede, D. Noordegraaf, K. Nielsen, A. Carlsen, and A. Bjarklev, "Photonic crystal fiber based evanescent wave sensor for detection of biomolecules in aqueous solution," Opt. Lett. 29, 1974-1976 (2004) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. M. Fini, "Microstructure fibres for optical sensing in gases and liquids," Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1120-1128 (2004) [CrossRef]
  10. G. Vienne, M. Yan, T. Luo, T. K. Liang, P. Ho, and C. Lin, "Liquid core fibers based on hollow core microstructured fibers," in Proceedings of IEE conference on lasers and electrooptics/Pacific Rim (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Tokyo, 2005) pp. 551-552
  11. A. Argyros, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, M. C. J. Large, and I. M. Bassett, "Hollow-core microstructured polymer optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 172-174 (2006) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, "Antiresonant reflecting optical waveguides in SiO2-Si multilayer structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13-15 (1986) [CrossRef]
  13. N. M. Litchinister, A. K. Abeeluck, C. Headley,and B. J. Eggelton, "Antiresonant reflecting photonic crystal optical waveguides," Opt. Lett. 27, 1592-1594 (2002) [CrossRef]
  14. T. Ritari, J. Tuominen, H. Ludvigsen, J. C. Petersen, H. Sorensen, T. P. Hansen, and H. R. Simonsen, "Gas sensing using air-guiding photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 17, 4080-4087 (2004) [CrossRef]
  15. T. A. Birks, D. M. Bird, T. D. Hedley, J. M. Pottage, and P. S. Russell, "Scaling laws and vector effects in bandgap guiding fibers," Opt. Express 12, 69-74 (2004) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. G. Antonopoulos, F. Benabid, T. A. Birks, D. M. Bird, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Experimental demonstration of refractive index scaling in photonic bandgap fibers," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-optcs2 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Long Beach, 2004) p. 2
  17. A. Argyros, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, M. C. J. Large, and I. M. Bassett, "Hollow-core microstructured polymer optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 172-174 (2006) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. Cheng, C. Wei, K. Hsu, and T. Young, "Direct-write laser micromachining and universal surface modification of PMMA for device development," Sens. Actuators B,  99, 186-196 (2003) [CrossRef]
  19. J. B. Jensen, P. E. Hoiby, G. Emiliyanov, O. Bang, L. H. Pedersen, and A. Bjarklev, "Selective deposition of antibodies in microstructured polymer optical fibers," Opt. Express 13,5883-5889 (2005) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. M. Chien, Y. Kim, and H. Grebel, "Mode conversion in optically active and isotropic waveguides," Opt. Lett. 14, 826-828 (1989) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. R. C. Qui and I. Lu, "Guided waves in chiral optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A,  11, 3212-3219 (1994) [CrossRef]
  22. S. H. Han, J. W. Wu, J. W. Kang, Y. D. Shin, J. S. Lee, and J. J. Kim, "Induced chirality in a polyisocyanate polymeric film and the change in polarization rotation under an external electric field," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B,  18, 298-301 (2001) [CrossRef]
  23. W. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J. Knight, T. Birks, F. Biancalana, and P. Russell, "Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 12, 299-309 (2004) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. J. Mizuguchi, "Electrolytic preparation of sugars. IV. Electrolytic preparation of xylose from corn stalks and fructose from inulin," Yakugaku Zasshi 70, 510-513 (1950)
  25. T. W. G. Solomons and C. B. Fryhle, Organic chemistry,8th edition (John Wiley and Sons 2004), Chap 5.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited