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Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

| EXPLORING THE INTERFACE OF LIGHT AND BIOMEDICINE

  • Editor: Gregory W. Faris
  • Vol. 2, Iss. 11 — Nov. 26, 2007

The resolution of optical traps created by Light Induced Dielectrophoresis (LIDEP)

S. L. Neale, M. Mazilu, J. I. B. Wilson, K. Dholakia, and T. F. Krauss  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 20, pp. 12619-12626 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.012619


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Abstract

Light induced dielectrophoresis (LIDEP) is a variant of the dielectrophoresis (DEP) mechanism that has been used for some time to manipulate particles in a microfluidic environment. Rather than relying on lithographically created contacts to generate the required electrical fields, the electrical contacts in LIDEP are created through the selective illumination of a photoconductor. The key question we address is how microscopic traps created via LIDEP compare to optical traps based on the gradient force, in terms of power required and trap stiffness achieved, as well as the size resolution of such a trap. We highlight the complex interplay between optical power and resolution with electrical parameters, such as the electrical resistance and applied AC Voltage. We show that for a spotsize of five micrometres and larger, particles can indeed be trapped with low power. We use trap stiffness per mW to compare LIDEP with an optical trap and show that our system is 470± 94 times stiffer per mW than a conventional optical trap, with no loss of resolution. We also discuss the difficulties of achieving trapping at smaller spot sizes, and that the sub-micron resolution possible with gradient force trapping is very difficult to realise with LIDEP.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.7010) Lasers and laser optics : Laser trapping
(250.0250) Optoelectronics : Optoelectronics

ToC Category:
Trapping

History
Original Manuscript: July 19, 2007
Revised Manuscript: September 11, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: September 11, 2007
Published: September 17, 2007

Virtual Issues
Vol. 2, Iss. 11 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
S. L. Neale, M. Mazilu, J. I. B. Wilson, K. Dholakia, and T. F. Krauss, "The resolution of optical traps created by Light Induced Dielectrophoresis (LIDEP)," Opt. Express 15, 12619-12626 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/vjbo/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-20-12619


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References

  1. H. A. Pohl, Dielectrophoresis (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1978).
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  10. Particle trapping software developed by Graham Milne based on the pattern matching capabilities built into LabVIEW.

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