OSA's Digital Library

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

| EXPLORING THE INTERFACE OF LIGHT AND BIOMEDICINE

  • Editor: Gregory W. Faris
  • Vol. 3, Iss. 11 — Oct. 22, 2008

Reconfigurable microfluidic photonic crystal slab cavities

Cameron L. C. Smith, Uwe Bog, Snjezana Tomljenovic-Hanic, Michael W. Lee, Darran K. C. Wu, Liam O’Faolain, Christelle Monat, Christian Grillet, Thomas. F. Krauss, Christian Karnutsch, Ross C. McPhedran, and Benjamin J. Eggleton  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 20, pp. 15887-15896 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.015887


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (503 KB) Open Access





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate the spectral and spatial reconfigurability of photonic crystal double-heterostructure cavities in silicon by microfluidic infiltration of selected air holes. The lengths of the microfluidic cavities are changed by adjusting the region of infiltrated holes in steps of several microns. We systematically investigate the spectral signature of these cavities, showing high Q-factor resonances for a broad range of cavity lengths. The fluid can be removed by immersing the device in toluene, offering complete reconfigurability. Our cavity writing technique allows for tolerances in the infiltration process and provides flexibility as it can be employed at any time after photonic crystal fabrication.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(280.4788) Remote sensing and sensors : Optical sensing and sensors
(230.5298) Optical devices : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

History
Original Manuscript: July 15, 2008
Revised Manuscript: September 18, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: September 18, 2008
Published: September 22, 2008

Virtual Issues
Vol. 3, Iss. 11 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Cameron L. Smith, Uwe Bog, Snjezana Tomljenovic-Hanic, Michael W. Lee, Darran K. Wu, Liam O'Faolain, Christelle Monat, Christian Grillet, Thomas F. Krauss, Christian Karnutsch, Ross C. McPhedran, and Benjamin J. Eggleton, "Reconfigurable microfluidic photonic crystal slab cavities," Opt. Express 16, 15887-15896 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/vjbo/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-20-15887


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. H. Yang, "Developing optofluidic technology through the fusion of microfluidics and optics," Nature 442, 381-386 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. Monat, P. Domachuk, and B. J. Eggleton, "Integrated optofluidics: A new river of light," Nat. Photon. 1, 106-114 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Loncar, A. Scherer, and Y. M. Qiu, "Photonic crystal laser sources for chemical detection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4648-4650 (2003). [CrossRef]
  4. M. L. Adams, M. Loncar, A. Scherer, and Y. M. Qiu, "Microfluidic integration of porous photonic crystal nanolasers for chemical sensing," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1348-1354 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. S. Balslev, A. M. Jorgensen, B. Bilenberg, K. B. Mogensen, D. Snakenborg, O. Geschke, J. P. Kutter, and A. Kristensen, "Lab-on-a-chip with integrated optical transducers," Lab on a Chip 6, 213-217 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. S. Xiao and N. A. Mortensen, "Proposal of highly sensitive optofluidic sensors based on dispersive photonic crystal waveguides," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 9, S463-S467 (2007). [CrossRef]
  7. S. H. Kim, J. H. Choi, S. K. Lee, S. H. Kim, S. M. Yang, Y. H. Lee, C. Seassal, P. Regrency, and P. Viktorovitch, "Optofluidic integration of a photonic crystal nanolaser," Opt. Express 16, 6515-6527 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. K. Busch and S. John, "Liquid-crystal photonic-band-gap materials: The tunable electromagnetic vacuum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 967-970 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. P. Mach, M. Dolinski, K. W. Baldwin, J. A. Rogers, C. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, "Tunable microfluidic optical fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4294-4296 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. B. Maune, M. Loncar, J. Witzens, M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, D. Psaltis, A. Scherer, and Y. M. Qiu, "Liquid-crystal electric tuning of a photonic crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 360-362 (2004). [CrossRef]
  11. J. C. Galas, J. Torres, M. Belotti, Q. Kou, and Y. Chen, "Microfluidic tunable dye laser with integrated mixer and ring resonator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 264101 (2005). [CrossRef]
  12. D. Erickson, T. Rockwood, T. Emery, A. Scherer, and D. Psaltis, "Nanofluidic tuning of photonic crystal circuits," Opt. Lett. 31, 59-61 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. F. B. Arango, M. B. Christiansen, M. Gersborg-Hansen, and A. Kristensen, "Optofluidic tuning of photonic crystal band edge lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 223503 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. A. Groisman, S. Zamek, K. Campbell, L. Pang, U. Levy, and Y. Fainman, "Optofluidic 1x4 switch," Opt. Express 16, 13499-13508 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. P. El-Kallassi, S. Balog, R. Houdre, L. Balet, L. Li, M. Francardi, A. Gerardino, A. Fiore, R. Ferrini, and L. Zuppiroli, "Local infiltration of planar photonic crystals with UV-curable polymers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1562-1567 (2008). [CrossRef]
  16. E. Chow, A. Grot, L. W. Mirkarimi, M. Sigalas, and G. Girolami, "Ultracompact biochemical sensor built with two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavity," Opt. Lett. 29, 1093-1095 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. Kita, K. Nozaki, and T. Baba, "Refractive index sensing utilizing a cw photonic crystal nanolaser and its array configuration," Opt. Express 16, 8174-8180 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. F. Krauss, "Photonic crystals - Cavities without leaks," Nat. Mater. 2, 777-778 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. K. J. Vahala, "Optical microcavities," Nature 424, 839-846 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. B. S. Song, S. Noda, and T. Asano, "Photonic devices based on in-plane hetero photonic crystals," Science 300, 1537-1537 (2003).
  21. E. Centeno, and D. Felbacq, "Optical bistability in finite-size nonlinear bidimensional photonic crystals doped by a microcavity," Phys. Rev. B 62, R7683-R7686 (2000). [CrossRef]
  22. B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 4, 207-210 (2005). [CrossRef]
  23. C. L. C. Smith, D. K. C. Wu, M. W. Lee, C. Monat, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. Grillet, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, Y. Ruan, S. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, H. Giessen, and Y. H. Lee, "Microfluidic photonic crystal double heterostructures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121103 (2007). [CrossRef]
  24. F. Intonti, S. Vignolini, V. Turck, M. Colocci, P. Bettotti, L. Pavesi, S. L. Schweizer, R. Wehrspohn, and D. Wiersma, "Rewritable photonic circuits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 211117 (2006). [CrossRef]
  25. S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. de Sterke, and M. J. Steel, "Design of high-Q cavities in photonic crystal slab heterostructures by air-holes infiltration," Opt. Express 14, 12451-12456 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. J. Li, T. P. White, L. O'Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, and T. F. Krauss, "Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 6227-6232 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. "Datasheet TYPIOB, Immersion Oil Type B," (Cargille Laboratories, 2002).
  28. J. C. Knight, G. Cheung, F. Jacques, and T. A. Birks, "Phase-matched excitation of whispering-gallery-mode resonances by a fiber taper," Opt. Lett. 22, 1129-1131 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, "Probing the dispersive and spatial properties of photonic crystal waveguides via highly efficient coupling from fiber tapers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4-6 (2004). [CrossRef]
  30. C. Grillet, C. Smith, D. Freeman, S. Madden, B. Luther-Davis, E. C. Mägi, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, "Efficient coupling to chalcogenide glass photonic crystal waveguides via silica optical fiber nanowires," Opt. Express 14, 1070-1078 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. I. K. Hwang, S. K. Kim, J. K. Yang, S. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, and Y. H. Lee, "Curved-microfiber photon coupling for photonic crystal light emitter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 131107 (2005). [CrossRef]
  32. X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. L. d'Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, "Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312-2314 (2001). [CrossRef]
  33. M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. K. Srinivasan and O. Painter, "Fourier space design of high-Q cavities in standard and compressed hexagonal lattice photonic crystals," Opt. Express 11, 579-593 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. U. Bog, C. L. C. Smith, M. W. Lee, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. Grillet, C. Monat, L. O'Faolain, C. Karnutsch, T. F. Krauss, R. McPhedran, and B. J. Eggleton, "High-Q microfluidic cavities in silicon-based 2D photonic crystal structures," Opt. Lett. 33 (2008).
  36. C. Schuller, F. Klopf, J. P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, "Tunable photonic crystals fabricated in III-V semiconductor slab waveguides using infiltrated liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2767-2769 (2003). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited