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Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics


  • Editor: Gregory W. Faris
  • Vol. 5, Iss. 10 — Jul. 19, 2010

A systematic method for designing depth-fused multi-focal plane three-dimensional displays

Sheng Liu and Hong Hua  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 11, pp. 11562-11573 (2010)

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Lack of accurate focus cues in conventional stereoscopic displays has potentially significant effects on depth perception accuracy and visual fatigue. Recently several multi-focal plane display prototypes have been demonstrated with the promise of improving the accuracy of focus cue rendering in stereoscopic displays. In this paper, we present a systematic method to address two fundamental issues in designing a multi-focal plane display: (1) the appropriate dioptric spacing between adjacent focal planes; and (2) the depth-weighted fusing function to render a continuous three-dimensional (3-D) volume using a sparse number of focal planes placed in the space. By taking account of both ocular factors of the human visual system (HVS) and display factors of a multi-focal plane system, we determine that an appropriate spacing between two adjacent focal planes should be ~0.6 diopter (D) while a smaller spacing may be necessary for further improving retinal image quality. We further develop a set of nonlinear depth-weighted fusing function with the promise of balancing perceptual continuity of a 3-D scene and retinal image quality. Our method was based on quantitative evaluation of the modulation transfer functions (MTF) of depth-fused images formed on retina.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(120.2040) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Displays
(120.2820) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Heads-up displays
(330.7322) Vision, color, and visual optics : Visual optics, accommodation

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

Original Manuscript: March 2, 2010
Revised Manuscript: May 6, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: May 6, 2010
Published: May 17, 2010

Virtual Issues
Vol. 5, Iss. 10 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Sheng Liu and Hong Hua, "A systematic method for designing depth-fused multi-focal plane three-dimensional displays," Opt. Express 18, 11562-11573 (2010)

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