OSA's Digital Library

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics


  • Editor: Gregory W. Faris
  • Vol. 5, Iss. 6 — Apr. 8, 2010

Photoacoustic Doppler measurement of flow using tone burst excitation

Adi Sheinfeld, Sharon Gilead, and Avishay Eyal  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 5, pp. 4212-4221 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (270 KB) Open Access

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



In this paper a novel technique for flow measurement which is based on the photoacoustic (PA) Doppler effect is described. A significant feature of the proposed approach is that it can be implemented using tone burst optical excitation thus enabling simultaneous measurement of both velocity and position. The technique, which is based on external modulation and heterodyne detection, was experimentally demonstrated by measurement of the flow of a suspension of carbon particles in a silicon tube and successfully determined the particles mean velocity up to values of 130 mm/sec, which is about 10 times higher than previously reported PA Doppler setups. In the theoretical part a rigorous derivation of the PA response of a flowing medium is described and some important simplifying approximations are highlighted.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(170.5120) Medical optics and biotechnology : Photoacoustic imaging
(280.2490) Remote sensing and sensors : Flow diagnostics
(110.4153) Imaging systems : Motion estimation and optical flow
(110.5125) Imaging systems : Photoacoustics

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

Original Manuscript: November 16, 2009
Revised Manuscript: January 17, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: January 19, 2010
Published: February 17, 2010

Virtual Issues
Vol. 5, Iss. 6 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Adi Sheinfeld, Sharon Gilead, and Avishay Eyal, "Photoacoustic Doppler measurement of flow using tone burst excitation," Opt. Express 18, 4212-4221 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. L. V. Wang, Photoacoustic imaging and spectroscopy (CRC Press, 2009).
  2. M. Xu and L. V. Wang, “Photoacoutsic imaging in biomedicine,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(4), 041101 (2006). [CrossRef]
  3. H. Fang, K. Maslov, and L. V. Wang, “Photoacoustic Doppler effect from flowing small light-absorbing particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(18), 184501 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. Fang, K. Maslov, and L. V. Wang, “Photoacoustic Doppler flow measurement in optically scattering media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 264103 (2007). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Fang and L. V. Wang, “M-mode photoacoustic particle flow imaging,” Opt. Lett. 34(5), 671–673 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Wang, D. Xing, Y. Zeng, and Q. Chen, “Photoacoustic imaging with deconvolution algorithm,” Phys. Med. Biol. 49(14), 3117–3124 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. M. Blinder, “Delta functions in spherical coordinates and how to avoid losing them: fields of point charges and dipoles,” Am. J. Phys. 71(8), 816–818 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. W. R. Brody and J. D. Meindl, “Theoretical analysis of the CW doppler ultrasonic flowmeter,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 21(3), 183–192 (1974). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. G. Guidi, C. Licciardello, and S. Falteri, “Intrinsic spectral broadening (ISB) in ultrasound Doppler as a combination of transit time and local geometrical broadening,” Ult. Med. Biol. 26(5), 853–862 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Sheinfeld, E. Bergman, S. Gilead, and A. Eyal, “The use of pulse synthesis for optimization of photoacoustic measurements,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7328–7338 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited