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Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics


  • Editors: Andrew Dunn and Anthony Durkin
  • Vol. 6, Iss. 8 — Aug. 26, 2011

Two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy with double modulation lock-in detection: enhancement of sensitivity and noise resistance

Ramūnas Augulis and Donatas Zigmantas  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 14, pp. 13126-13133 (2011)

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In many potential applications of two-dimensional (2D) electronic spectroscopy the excitation energies per pulse are strictly limited, while the samples are strongly scattering. We demonstrate a technique, based on double-modulation of incident laser beams with mechanical choppers, which can be implemented in almost any non-collinear four wave mixing scheme including 2D spectroscopy setup. The technique virtually eliminates artifacts or “ghost” signals in 2D spectra, which arise due to scattering and accumulation of long-lived species. To illustrate the advantages of the technique, we show a comparison of porphyrin J-aggregate 2D spectra obtained with different methods following by discussion.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(120.2920) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Homodyning
(300.2570) Spectroscopy : Four-wave mixing
(300.6240) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, coherent transient
(300.6530) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, ultrafast

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: April 8, 2011
Revised Manuscript: May 23, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: May 23, 2011
Published: June 22, 2011

Virtual Issues
Vol. 6, Iss. 8 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Ramūnas Augulis and Donatas Zigmantas, "Two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy with double modulation lock-in detection: enhancement of sensitivity and noise resistance," Opt. Express 19, 13126-13133 (2011)

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