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Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

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  • Editors: Andrew Dunn and Anthony Durkin
  • Vol. 7, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2012

Measurement of viscosity of lyotropic liquid crystals by means of rotating laser-trapped microparticles

Qingkun Liu, Theodor Asavei, Taewoo Lee, Halina Rubinsztein-Dunlop, Sailing He, and Ivan I. Smalyukh  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 25, pp. 25134-25143 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.025134


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Abstract

We describe a simple microrheology method to measure the viscosity coefficients of lyotropic liquid crystals. This approach is based on the use of a rotating laser-trapped optically anisotropic microsphere. In aligned liquid crystals that have negligible effect on trapping beam’s polarization, the optical torque is transferred from circularly polarized laser trapping beam to the optically anisotropic microparticle and creates the shear flow in the liquid crystalline fluid. The balance of optical and viscous torques yields the local effective viscosity coefficients of the studied lyotropic systems in cholesteric and lamellar phases. This simple yet powerful method is capable of probing viscosity of complex anisotropic fluids for small amounts of sample and even in the presence of defects that obstruct the use of conventional rheology techniques.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.7010) Lasers and laser optics : Laser trapping
(160.1190) Materials : Anisotropic optical materials
(160.3710) Materials : Liquid crystals
(180.1790) Microscopy : Confocal microscopy
(180.6900) Microscopy : Three-dimensional microscopy
(180.4315) Microscopy : Nonlinear microscopy
(350.4855) Other areas of optics : Optical tweezers or optical manipulation

ToC Category:
Optical Trapping and Manipulation

History
Original Manuscript: September 27, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: November 11, 2011
Published: November 23, 2011

Virtual Issues
Vol. 7, Iss. 2 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Qingkun Liu, Theodor Asavei, Taewoo Lee, Halina Rubinsztein-Dunlop, Sailing He, and Ivan I. Smalyukh, "Measurement of viscosity of lyotropic liquid crystals by means of rotating laser-trapped microparticles," Opt. Express 19, 25134-25143 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/vjbo/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-25-25134


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