OSA's Digital Library

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

| EXPLORING THE INTERFACE OF LIGHT AND BIOMEDICINE

  • Editors: Andrew Dunn and Anthony Durkin
  • Vol. 7, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2012

Extremely large extinction efficiency and field enhancement in terahertz resonant dipole nanoantennas

Luca Razzari, Andrea Toma, Mostafa Shalaby, Matteo Clerici, Remo Proietti Zaccaria, Carlo Liberale, Sergio Marras, Ibraheem A. I. Al-Naib, Gobind Das, Francesco De Angelis, Marco Peccianti, Andrea Falqui, Tsuneyuki Ozaki, Roberto Morandotti, and Enzo Di Fabrizio  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 27, pp. 26088-26094 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.026088


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1275 KB) Open Access





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The distinctive ability of nanometallic structures to manipulate light at the nanoscale has recently promoted their use for a spectacular set of applications in a wide range of areas of research including artificial optical materials, nano-imaging, biosensing, and nonlinear optics. Here we transfer this concept to the terahertz spectral region, demonstrating a metal nanostructure in shape of a dipole nanoantenna, which can efficiently resonate at terahertz frequencies, showing an effective cross section >100 times larger than its geometrical area, and a field enhancement factor of ~280, confined on a lateral section of ~λ/1,000. These results lead to immediate applications in terahertz artificial materials exhibiting giant dichroism, suggest the use of dipole nanoantennas in nanostructure-based terahertz metamaterials, and pave the way for nanoantenna-enhanced terahertz few-molecule spectroscopy and localized terahertz nonlinear optics.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals
(220.4241) Optical design and fabrication : Nanostructure fabrication
(250.5403) Optoelectronics : Plasmonics
(300.6495) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, teraherz

ToC Category:
Optics at Surfaces

History
Original Manuscript: October 6, 2011
Revised Manuscript: November 18, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: November 21, 2011
Published: December 7, 2011

Virtual Issues
Vol. 7, Iss. 2 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Luca Razzari, Andrea Toma, Mostafa Shalaby, Matteo Clerici, Remo Proietti Zaccaria, Carlo Liberale, Sergio Marras, Ibraheem A. I. Al-Naib, Gobind Das, Francesco De Angelis, Marco Peccianti, Andrea Falqui, Tsuneyuki Ozaki, Roberto Morandotti, and Enzo Di Fabrizio, "Extremely large extinction efficiency and field enhancement in terahertz resonant dipole nanoantennas," Opt. Express 19, 26088-26094 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/vjbo/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-27-26088


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. N. Engheta and R. W. Ziolkowski, Metamaterials: Physics and Engineering Explorations (Wiley, Hoboken, 2006).
  2. V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics1(1), 41–48 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics1(4), 224–227 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics5(2), 83–90 (2011). [CrossRef]
  5. J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater.9(3), 193–204 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. Bharadwaj, R. Beams, and L. Novotny, “Nanoscale spectroscopy with optical antennas,” Chem. Sci.2(1), 136–140 (2011). [CrossRef]
  7. F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(1), 67–72 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature453(7196), 757–760 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. P. Mickan, A. Menikh, H. Liu, C. A. Mannella, R. MacColl, D. Abbott, J. Munch, and X.-C. Zhang, “Label-free bioaffinity detection using terahertz technology,” Phys. Med. Biol.47(21), 3789–3795 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, “Materials for terahertz science and technology,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 26–33 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. Mittleman, Sensing with Terahertz Radiation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2003).
  12. M. Nagel, P. Haring Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Büttner, “Integrated THz technology for label-free genetic diagnostics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.80(1), 154–156 (2002). [CrossRef]
  13. J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications—explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol.20(7), S266–S280 (2005). [CrossRef]
  14. P. Bharadwaj, B. Deutsch, and L. Novotny, “Optical antennas,” Adv. Opt. Photonics1(3), 438–483 (2009). [CrossRef]
  15. G. W. Bryant, F. J. García de Abajo, and J. Aizpurua, “Mapping the plasmon resonances of metallic nanoantennas,” Nano Lett.8(2), 631–636 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science308(5728), 1607–1609 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. G. Laurent, N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. B71(4), 045430 (2005). [CrossRef]
  18. K. B. Crozier, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and C. F. Quate, “Optical antennas: resonators for local field enhancement,” J. Appl. Phys.94(7), 4632–4642 (2003). [CrossRef]
  19. F. Neubrech, T. Kolb, R. Lovrincic, G. Fahsold, A. Pucci, J. Aizpurua, T. W. Cornelius, M. E. Toimil-Molares, R. Neumann, and S. Karim, “Resonances of individual metal nanowires in the infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(25), 253104 (2006). [CrossRef]
  20. M. A. Seo, H. R. Park, S. M. Koo, D. J. Park, J. H. Kang, O. K. Suwal, S. S. Choi, P. C. M. Planken, G. S. Park, N. K. Park, Q. H. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz field enhancement by a metallic nano slit operating beyond the skin-depth limit,” Nat. Photonics3(3), 152–156 (2009). [CrossRef]
  21. H. R. Park, Y. M. Park, H. S. Kim, J. S. Kyoung, M. A. Seo, D. J. Park, Y. H. Ahn, K. J. Ahn, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz nanoresonators: giant field enhancement and ultrabroadband performance,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(12), 121106 (2010). [CrossRef]
  22. M. Seo, J. Kyoung, H. Park, S. Koo, H.-S. Kim, H. Bernien, B. J. Kim, J. H. Choe, Y. H. Ahn, H.-T. Kim, N. Park, Q.-H. Park, K. Ahn, and D. S. Kim, “Active terahertz nanoantennas based on VO2 phase transition,” Nano Lett.10(6), 2064–2068 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. Y. M. Bahk, H. R. Park, K. J. Ahn, H. S. Kim, Y. H. Ahn, D. S. Kim, J. Bravo-Abad, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Anomalous band formation in arrays of terahertz nanoresonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(1), 013902 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys.82(1), 729–787 (2010). [CrossRef]
  25. F. Blanchard, A. Doi, T. Tanaka, H. Hirori, H. Tanaka, Y. Kadoya, and K. Tanaka, “Real-time terahertz near-field microscope,” Opt. Express19(9), 8277–8284 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. D. J. Shelton, J. W. Cleary, J. C. Ginn, S. L. Wadsworth, R. E. Peale, D. K. Kotter, and G. D. Boreman, “Gangbuster frequency selective surface metamaterials in terahertz band,” Electron. Lett.44(22), 1288–1289 (2008). [CrossRef]
  27. A. Berrier, R. Ulbricht, M. Bonn, and J. G. Rivas, “Ultrafast active control of localized surface plasmon resonances in silicon bowtie antennas,” Opt. Express18(22), 23226–23235 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. CST, Computer Simulation Technology, Darmstadt, Germany.
  29. R. Adato, A. A. Yanik, J. J. Amsden, D. L. Kaplan, F. G. Omenetto, M. K. Hong, S. Erramilli, and H. Altug, “Ultra-sensitive vibrational spectroscopy of protein monolayers with plasmonic nanoantenna arrays,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.106(46), 19227–19232 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1995).
  31. A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from (110) zincblende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64(11), 1324–1326 (1994). [CrossRef]
  32. Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett.67(24), 3523–3525 (1995). [CrossRef]
  33. C. A. Balanis, Antenna Theory (Wiley, Hoboken, 2005).
  34. M. Walther, D. G. Cooke, C. Sherstan, M. Hajar, M. R. Freeman, and F. A. Hegmann, “Terahertz conductivity of thin gold films at the metal-insulator percolation transition,” Phys. Rev. B76(12), 125408 (2007). [CrossRef]
  35. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, San Diego, 1998).
  36. B. M. Ross and L. P. Lee, “Comparison of near- and far-field measures for plasmon resonance of metallic nanoparticles,” Opt. Lett.34(7), 896–898 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. J. Chen, P. Albella, Z. Pirzadeh, P. Alonso-González, F. Huth, S. Bonetti, V. Bonanni, J. Åkerman, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, A. Dmitriev, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Plasmonic nickel nanoantennas,” Small7(16), 2341–2347 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. N. Liu, M. L. Tang, M. Hentschel, H. Giessen, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Nanoantenna-enhanced gas sensing in a single tailored nanofocus,” Nat. Mater.10(8), 631–636 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited