OSA's Digital Library

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics


  • Editors: Andrew Dunn and Anthony Durkin
  • Vol. 8, Iss. 6 — Jun. 27, 2013

Nanoscale optical properties of metal nanoparticles probed by Second Harmonic Generation microscopy

Hong Shen, Ngoc Nguyen, David Gachet, Vincent Maillard, Timothée Toury, and Sophie Brasselet  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 10, pp. 12318-12326 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1229 KB) Open Access

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report spatial and vectorial imaging of local fields’ confinement properties in metal nanoparticles with branched shapes, using Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) microscopy. Taking advantage of the coherent nature of this nonlinear process, the technique provides a direct evidence of the coupling between the excitation polarization and both localization and polarization specificities of local fields at the sub-diffraction scale. These combined features, which are governed by the nanoparticles’ symmetry, are not accessible using other contrasts such as linear optical techniques or two-photon luminescence.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.3900) Materials : Metals
(190.4400) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, materials
(180.4315) Microscopy : Nonlinear microscopy

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: February 19, 2013
Revised Manuscript: April 5, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: April 15, 2013
Published: May 13, 2013

Virtual Issues
Vol. 8, Iss. 6 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Hong Shen, Ngoc Nguyen, David Gachet, Vincent Maillard, Timothée Toury, and Sophie Brasselet, "Nanoscale optical properties of metal nanoparticles probed by Second Harmonic Generation microscopy," Opt. Express 21, 12318-12326 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. Rang, A.C. Jones, F. Zhou, Z.Y. Li, B.J. Wiley, Y. Xia, and M. B. Raschke, “Optical near-field mapping of plasmonic nanoprisms,” Nano Lett.8, 3357–3363 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. Nelayah, M. Kociak, O. Stphan, F. J. Garca de Abajo, M. Tencé, L. Henrard, D. Taverna, I. Pastoriza-Santos, L. M. Liz-Marzn, and C. Colliex, “Mapping surface plasmons on a single metallic nanoparticle,” Nat. Phys.3, 348–353 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. C. Hrelescu, T.K. Sau, Tapan K. A. L. Rogach, F. Jäckel, G. Laurent, L. Douillard, and F. Charra, “Selective Excitation of Individual Plasmonic Hotspots at the Tips of Single Gold Nanostars,” Nano Lett.2, 402–407 (2011). [CrossRef]
  4. C. Awada, T. Popescu, L. Douillard, F. Charra, A. Perron, H. Yockell-Lelièvre, A.L. Baudrion, P. M. Adam, and R. Bachelot, “Selective Excitation of Plasmon Resonances of Single Au Triangles by Polarization-Dependent Light Excitation,” J. Phys. Chem. C116, 14591–14598 (2012). [CrossRef]
  5. A. Yurtsever and A. H. Zewail, “Direct Visualization of Near-Fields in Nanoplasmonics and Nanophotonics,” Nano Lett.12, 3334–3338 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. J. R. Vesseur, R. de Waele, M. Kuttge, and A. Polman, “Direct Observation of Plasmonic Modes in Au Nanowires Using High-Resolution Cathodoluminescence Spectroscopy,” Nano Lett.7, 2843–2846 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. Cang, A. Labno, C. Lu, X. Yin, M. Liu, C. Gladden, Y. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Probing the electromagnetic field of a 15-nanometre hotspot by single molecule imaging,” Nature469, 385–388 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. M. Stranahan and K. A. Willet, “Super-resolution Optical Imaging of Single-Molecule SERS Hot Spots,” Nano Lett.10, 3777–3784 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. P. Ghenuche, S. Cherukulappurath, T. H. Taminiau, N. F. van Hulst, and R. Quidant, “Spectroscopic Mode Mapping of Resonant Plasmon Nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 116805 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. McLeod, A. Weber-Bargioni, Z. Zhang, S. Dhuey, B. Harteneck, J. B. Neaton, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Nonperturbative Visualization of Nanoscale Plasmonic Field Distributions via Photon Localization Microscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106, 037402 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. O. Schubert, J. Becker, L. Carbone, Y. Khalavka, T. Provalska, I. Zins, and C. Sönnichsen, “Mapping the polarization pattern of plasmon modes reveals nanoparticle symmetry,” Nano Lett.8, 2345–2350 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. Hu, H. Duan, J. K. W. Yang, and Z. X. Shen, “Plasmon-Modulated Photoluminescence of Individual Gold Nanostructures,” ACS Nano6, 10147–10155 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Butet, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, E. Benichou, and P.-F. Brevet, “Interference between Selected Dipoles and Octupoles in the Optical Second-Harmonic Generation from Spherical Gold Nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 077401 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. Berthelot, G. Bachelier, M. Song, P. Rai, G. Colas des Francs, A. Dereux, and A. Bouhelier, “Silencing and enhancement of second-harmonic generation in optical gap antennas,” Opt. Express20, 10498–10508 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A.V. Zayats, T. Kalkbrenner, V. Sandoghdar, and J. Mlynek, “Second-harmonic generation from individual surface defects under local excitation,” Phys. Rev. B61, 4545–4548 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. C. Anceau, S. Brasselet, J. Zyss, and P. Gadenne, “Local second-harmonic generation enhancement on gold nanostructures probed by two-photon microscopy,” Opt. Lett.28, 713–715 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. R. Jin, J. E. Jureller, H. Y. Kim, and N. F. Scherer, “Correlating Second Harmonic Optical Responses of Single Ag Nanoparticles with Morphology,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.127, 12482–12483 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, “Second-Harmonic Rayleigh Scattering from a Sphere of Centrosymmetric Material,” Phys. Rev. Lett.83, 4045–4048 (1999). [CrossRef]
  19. J. Nappa, G. Revillod, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P.-F. Brevet, “Electric dipole origin of the second harmonic generation of small metallic particles,” Phys. Rev. B71, 165407 (2005). [CrossRef]
  20. G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P.-F. Brevet, “Multipolar second-harmonic generation in noble metal nanoparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 955–960 (2008). [CrossRef]
  21. Y. Zeng, W. Hoyer, J. Liu, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Classical theory for second-harmonic generation from metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B79, 235109 (2009). [CrossRef]
  22. G. Bautista, M. J. Huttunen, J. Mäkitalo, J. M. Kontio, J. Simonen, and M. Kauranen, “Second-Harmonic Generation Imaging of Metal Nano-Objects with Cylindrical Vector Beams,” Nano Lett.12, 3207–3212 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. Y. Zhang, N. K. Grady, C. Ayala-Orozco, and N. J. Halas, “Three-Dimensional Nanostructures as Highly Efficient Generators of Second Harmonic Light,” Nano Lett.11, 5519–5523 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. V. K. Valev, N. Smisdom, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmonic Ratchet Wheels: Switching Circular Dichroism by Arranging Chiral Nanostructures,” Nano Lett.9, 3945–3948 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Mäkitalo, J. Lehtolahti, J. Laukkanen, M. Kuittinen, and M. Kauranen, “Metamaterials with Tailored Nonlinear Optical Response,” Nano Lett.12, 673–677 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. S. Kujala, B.K. Canfield, M. Kauranen, Y. Svirko, and J. Turunen, “Multipole Interference in the Second-Harmonic Optical Radiation from Gold Nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett.16, 167403 (2007). [CrossRef]
  27. A.S lablab, L. L. Xuan, M. Zielinski, Y. de Wilde, V. Jacques, D. Chauvat, and J.-F. Roch, “Second-harmonic generation from coupled plasmon modes in a single dimer of gold nanospheres,” Opt. Express20, 220–227 (2012). [CrossRef]
  28. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, Boston, 1985).
  29. K.L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L.L. Zhao, and G.C. Schatz, “The Optical Properties of Metal Nanoparticles: The Influence of Size, Shape, and Dielectric Environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B107, 668–677 (2003). [CrossRef]
  30. P. Guyot-Sionnest, W. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, “General considerations on optical second-harmonic generation from surfaces and interfaces,” Phys. Rev. B33, 8254–8263 (1986). [CrossRef]
  31. B. Richards and E. Wolf, “Electromagnetic diffraction in optical systems. II. Structure of the image field in an aplanetic system,” Royal Soc. Lond. Proc. Series A253, 358–379 (1959). [CrossRef]
  32. L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics (Cambridge University Press, 2006). [CrossRef]
  33. N. Sandeau, L. Le Xuan, D. Chauvat, C. Zhou, J.-F. Roch, and S. Brasselet, “Defocused imaging of second harmonic generation from a single nanocrystal,” Opt. Express15, 16051–16060 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. S. Brasselet, V. Le Floc’h, F. Treussart, J.-F. Roch, J. Zyss, E. Botzung-Appert, and A. Ibanez, “In Situ Diagnostics of the Crystalline Nature of Single Organic Nanocrystals by Nonlinear Microscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 207401 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. R. E. Thompson, D. R. Larson, and W. W. Webb, “Precise nanometer localization analysis for individual fluorescent probes,” Biophys. J.82, 2775–2783 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. S. Brasselet and J. Zyss, “Multipolar molecules and multipolar fields: probing and controlling the tensorial nature of nonlinear molecular media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B15, 257–288 (1998). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited