OSA's Digital Library

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

| EXPLORING THE INTERFACE OF LIGHT AND BIOMEDICINE

  • Editors: Andrew Dunn and Anthony Durkin
  • Vol. 8, Iss. 9 — Oct. 2, 2013

10 Gbps silicon waveguide-integrated infrared avalanche photodiode

Jason J. Ackert, Abdullah S. Karar, Dixon J. Paez, Paul E. Jessop, John C. Cartledge, and Andrew P. Knights  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 17, pp. 19530-19537 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.019530


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1710 KB) Open Access





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We have fabricated monolithic silicon avalanche photodiodes capable of 10 Gbps operation at a wavelength of 1550 nm. The photodiodes are entirely CMOS process compatible and comprise a p-i-n junction integrated with a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) rib waveguide. Photo-generation is initiated via the presence of deep levels in the silicon bandgap, introduced by ion implantation and modified by subsequent annealing. The devices show a small signal 3 dB bandwidth of 2.0 GHz as well as an open eye pattern at 10 Gbps. A responsivity of 4.7 ± 0.5 A/W is measured for a 600 µm device at a reverse bias of 40 V.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(040.3060) Detectors : Infrared
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(250.1345) Optoelectronics : Avalanche photodiodes (APDs)

ToC Category:
Detectors

History
Original Manuscript: June 27, 2013
Revised Manuscript: August 1, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: August 2, 2013
Published: August 12, 2013

Virtual Issues
Vol. 8, Iss. 9 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Jason J. Ackert, Abdullah S. Karar, Dixon J. Paez, Paul E. Jessop, John C. Cartledge, and Andrew P. Knights, "10 Gbps silicon waveguide-integrated infrared avalanche photodiode," Opt. Express 21, 19530-19537 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/vjbo/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-17-19530


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. L. Pavesi and G. Guillot, Optical Interconnects: The Silicon Approach, Vol. 119 Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag 2006).
  2. R. Beausoleil, “Large-Scale integrated photonics for high-performance interconnects,” ACM J. Emerg. Technol.7(2), Article 6 (2011).
  3. D. Liang and J. E. Bowers, “Recent progress in lasers on silicon,” Nature Phot.4(8), 511–517 (2010). [CrossRef]
  4. L. Vivien, J. M. Osmond, J. M. Fédéli, D. Marris-Morini, P. Crozat, J. F. Damlencourt, E. Cassan, Y. Lecunff, and S. Laval, “42 GHz p.i.n Germanium photodetector integrated in a silicon-on-insulator waveguide,” Opt. Express17(8), 6252–6257 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. P. Knights, J. D. Bradley, S. H. Gou, and P. E. Jessop, “Silicon-on-insulator waveguide photodetector with self-ion-implantation engineered-enhanced infrared response,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A24(3), 783–786 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. J. K. Doylend, P. E. Jessop, and A. P. Knights, “Silicon photonic resonator-enhanced defect-mediated photodiode for sub-bandgap detection,” Opt. Express18(14), 14671–14678 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. F. Logan, P. Velha, M. Sorel, R. M. De La Rue, A. P. Knights, and P. E. Jessop, “Defect-enhanced silicon-on-insulator waveguide resonant photodetector with high sensitivity at 1.55 µm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(20), 1530–1532 (2010). [CrossRef]
  8. M. W. Geis, S. J. Spector, M. E. Grein, J. U. Yoon, D. M. Lennon, and T. M. Lyszczarz, “Silicon waveguide infrared photodiodes with >35 GHz bandwidth and phototransistors with 50 AW-1 response,” Opt. Express17(7), 5193–5204 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. R. Grote, K. Padmaraju, B. Souhan, J. B. Driscoll, K. Bergman, and R. M. Osgood, “10 Gb/s error-free operation of all-silicon ion-implanted-waveguide photodiodes at 1.55 µm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(1), 67–70 (2013). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Assefa, F. Xia, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Reinventing germanium avalanche photodetector for nanophotonic on-chip optical interconnects,” Nature464(7285), 80–84 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. N. Duan, T.Y. Liow, A. Lim, L. Ding and G.Q. Lo, “High speed waveguide-integrated Ge/Si avalanche photodetector,” in The Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (Optical Society of America 2013) paper OM3K.3.
  12. Silvaco Inc, ( http://www.silvaco.com/products/device_simulation/atlas.html ) (2013).
  13. M. W. Geis, S. J. Spector, M. E. Grein, R. T. Schulein, J. U. Yoon, D. M. Lennon, S. Deneault, F. Gan, F. X. Kaertner, and T. M. Lyszczarz, “CMOS-compatible all-si high-speed waveguide photodiodes with high responsivity in near-infrared communication band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(3), 152–154 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. B. Souhan, C. P. Chen, R. R. Grote, J. B. Driscoll, N. Ophir, K. Bergman, and R. M. Osgood, Jr., “Error-free operation of an all-silicon waveguide photodiode at 1.9 um,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America 2013) paper CTh3L.4. [CrossRef]
  15. D. F. Logan, P. E. Jessop, and A. P. Knights, “Modeling defect enhanced detection at 1550 nm in integrated silicon waveguide photodetectors,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(7), 930–937 (2009). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited