OSA's Digital Library

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

| EXPLORING THE INTERFACE OF LIGHT AND BIOMEDICINE

  • Editors: Andrew Dunn and Anthony Durkin
  • Vol. 8, Iss. 4 — May. 22, 2013

All-fiber spectrometer based on speckle pattern reconstruction

Brandon Redding, Sebastien M. Popoff, and Hui Cao  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 5, pp. 6584-6600 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.006584


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1328 KB) Open Access





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A standard multimode optical fiber can be used as a general purpose spectrometer after calibrating the wavelength dependent speckle patterns produced by interference between the guided modes of the fiber. A transmission matrix was used to store the calibration data and a robust algorithm was developed to reconstruct an arbitrary input spectrum in the presence of experimental noise. We demonstrate that a 20 meter long fiber can resolve two laser lines separated by only 8 pm. At the other extreme, we show that a 2 centimeter long fiber can measure a broadband continuous spectrum generated from a supercontinuum source. We investigate the effect of the fiber geometry on the spectral resolution and bandwidth, and also discuss the additional limitation on the bandwidth imposed by speckle contrast reduction when measuring dense spectra. Finally, we demonstrate a method to reduce the spectrum reconstruction error and increase the bandwidth by separately imaging the speckle patterns of orthogonal polarizations. The multimode fiber spectrometer is compact, lightweight, low cost, and provides high resolution with low loss.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(120.6200) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Spectrometers and spectroscopic instrumentation
(300.6190) Spectroscopy : Spectrometers

ToC Category:
Spectroscopy

History
Original Manuscript: December 20, 2012
Revised Manuscript: February 28, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: March 1, 2013
Published: March 8, 2013

Virtual Issues
Vol. 8, Iss. 4 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Brandon Redding, Sebastien M. Popoff, and Hui Cao, "All-fiber spectrometer based on speckle pattern reconstruction," Opt. Express 21, 6584-6600 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/vjbo/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-5-6584


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Z. Xu, Z. Wang, M. E. Sullivan, D. J. Brady, S. H. Foulger, and A. Adibi, “Multimodal multiplex spectroscopy using photonic crystals,” Opt. Express11(18), 2126–2133 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. W. Kohlgraf-Owens and A. Dogariu, “Transmission matrices of random media: means for spectral polarimetric measurements,” Opt. Lett.35(13), 2236–2238 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Q. Hang, B. Ung, I. Syed, N. Guo, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Photonic bandgap fiber bundle spectrometer,” Appl. Opt.49(25), 4791–4800 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. B. Redding and H. Cao, “Using a multimode fiber as a high-resolution, low-loss spectrometer,” Opt. Lett.37(16), 3384–3386 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. B. Crosignani, B. Diano, and P. D. Porto, “Speckle-pattern visibility of light transmitted through a multimode optical fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.66(11), 1312–1313 (1976). [CrossRef]
  6. M. Imai and Y. Ohtsuka, “Speckle-pattern contrast of semiconductor laser propagating in a multimode optical fiber,” Opt. Commun.33(1), 4–8 (1980). [CrossRef]
  7. E. G. Rawson, J. W. Goodman, and R. E. Norton, “Frequency dependence of modal noise in multimode optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.70(8), 968–976 (1980). [CrossRef]
  8. P. Hlubina, “Spectral and dispersion analysis of laser sources and multimode fibres via the statistics of the intensity pattern,” J. Mod. Opt.41(5), 1001–1014 (1994). [CrossRef]
  9. W. Freude, G. Fritzsche, G. Grau, and L. Shan-da, “Speckle interferometry for spectral analysis of laser sources and multimode optical waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol.4(1), 64–72 (1986). [CrossRef]
  10. K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides (Academic Press, 2006).
  11. V. Doya, O. Legrand, F. Mortessagne, and C. Miniatura, “Speckle statistics in a chaotic multimode fiber,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.65(5), 056223 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. W. Goodman, Speckle Phenomena in Optics (Ben Roberts & Co., 2007).
  13. I. N. Papadopoulos, S. Farahi, C. Moser, and D. Psaltis, “Focusing and scanning light through a multimode optical fiber using digital phase conjugation,” Opt. Express20(10), 10583–10590 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. P. F. Steeger, T. Asakura, and A. F. Fercher, “Polarization preservation in circular multimode optical fibers and its measurement by a speckle method,” J. Lightwave Technol.2(4), 435–441 (1984). [CrossRef]
  15. T. Okamoto and I. Yamaguchi, “Multimode fiber-optic Mach-Zehnder interferometer and its use in temperature measurement,” Appl. Opt.27(15), 3085–3087 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. K. Pan, C. M. Uang, F. Cheng, and F. T. Yu, “Multimode fiber sensing by using mean-absolute speckle-intensity variation,” Appl. Opt.33(10), 2095–2098 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. O. A. Oraby, J. W. Spencer, and G. R. Jones, “Monitoring changes in the speckle field from an optical fibre exposed to low frequency acoustical vibrations,” J. Mod. Opt.56(1), 55–84 (2009). [CrossRef]
  18. E. Fujiwara, Y. T. Wu, and C. K. Suzuki, “Vibration-based specklegram fiber sensor for measurement of properties of liquids,” Opt. Lasers Eng.50(12), 1726–1730 (2012). [CrossRef]
  19. F. T. S. Yu, J. Zhang, K. Pan, D. Zhao, and P. B. Ruffin, “Fiber vibration sensor that uses the speckle contrast ratio,” Opt. Eng.34(1), 1–236 (1995). [CrossRef]
  20. W. Ha, S. Lee, Y. Jung, J. K. Kim, and K. Oh, “Acousto-optic control of speckle contrast in multimode fibers with a cylindrical piezoelectric transducer oscillating in the radial direction,” Opt. Express17(20), 17536–17546 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. S. Wu, S. Yin, and F. T. S. Yu, “Sensing with fiber specklegrams,” Appl. Opt.30(31), 4468–4470 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. H. S. Choi, H. F. Taylor, and C. E. Lee, “High-performance fiber-optic temperature sensor using low-coherence interferometry,” Opt. Lett.22(23), 1814–1816 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material


» Media 1: AVI (34007 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited