OSA's Digital Library

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

| EXPLORING THE INTERFACE OF LIGHT AND BIOMEDICINE

  • Editors: Andrew Dunn and Anthony Durkin
  • Vol. 9, Iss. 5 — Apr. 29, 2014

High-efficiency 20 W yellow VECSEL

Emmi Kantola, Tomi Leinonen, Sanna Ranta, Miki Tavast, and Mircea Guina  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 6, pp. 6372-6380 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.22.006372


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1988 KB) Open Access





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A high-efficiency optically pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser emitting 20 W at a wavelength around 588 nm is demonstrated. The semiconductor gain chip emitted at a fundamental wavelength around 1170-1180 nm and the laser employed a V-shaped cavity. The yellow spectral range was achieved by intra-cavity frequency doubling using a LBO crystal. The laser could be tuned over a bandwidth of ~26 nm while exhibiting watt-level output powers. The maximum conversion efficiency from absorbed pump power to yellow output was 28% for continuous wave operation. The VECSEL’s output could be modulated to generate optical pulses with duration down to 570 ns by directly modulating the pump laser. The high-power pulse operation is a key feature for astrophysics and medical applications while at the same time enables higher slope efficiency than continuous wave operation owing to decreased heating.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3460) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers
(140.3480) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, diode-pumped
(140.3600) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, tunable
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(140.3515) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, frequency doubled
(140.3538) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, pulsed

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: January 2, 2014
Revised Manuscript: February 20, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: February 25, 2014
Published: March 11, 2014

Virtual Issues
Vol. 9, Iss. 5 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Emmi Kantola, Tomi Leinonen, Sanna Ranta, Miki Tavast, and Mircea Guina, "High-efficiency 20 W yellow VECSEL," Opt. Express 22, 6372-6380 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/vjbo/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-22-6-6372


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. O. T. Tan, J. M. Carney, R. Margolis, Y. Seki, J. Boll, R. R. Anderson, J. A. Parrish, “Histologic responses of port-wine stains treated by argon, carbon dioxide, and tunable dye lasers. a preliminary report,” Arch. Dermatol. 122(9), 1016–1022 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. A. Mainster, “Continuous-wave and micropulse 577 nm yellow–orange laser photocoagulation: a laser for all reasons,” Retina Today1–8 (2010).
  3. N. Farahani, M. J. Schibler, and L. A. Bentolila, “Stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy: from theory to practice,” In Microscopy: Science, Technology, Applications and Education, A. Méndez-Vilas, J. Díaz, Eds. (Formatex Research Center, 2010), pp. 1539–1547.
  4. M. A. Mainster, “Wavelength selection in macular photocoagulation. Tissue optics, thermal effects, and laser systems,” Ophthalmology 93(7), 952–958 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. E. Max, S. S. Oliver, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. W. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, K. E. Waltjen, “Image improvement from sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optic system,” Science 277(5332), 1649–1652 (1997).
  6. L. Toikkanen, A. Härkönen, J. Lyytikäinen, T. Leinonen, A. Laakso, A. Tukiainen, J. Viheriälä, M. Bister, M. Guina, “Optically pumped edge-emitting GaAs-based laser with direct orange emission,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(4), 384–386 (2014). [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Yao, Q. Zheng, D. P. Qu, K. Zhou, Y. Liu, L. Zhao, “All-solid-state continuous-wave frequency doubled Nd:YAG/LBO laser with 1.2 W output power at 561 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(2), 112–115 (2010).
  8. M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, A. Mooradian, “Design and characteristics of high power (>0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams,” J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 5(3), 561–573 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. B. Rudin, A. Rutz, M. Hoffmann, D. J. H. C. Maas, A.-R. Bellancourt, E. Gini, T. Südmeyer, U. Keller, “Highly efficient optically pumped vertical-emitting semiconductor laser with more than 20 W average output power in a fundamental transverse mode,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2719–2721 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T.-L. Wang, Y. Kaneda, J. M. Yarborough, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, A. Chernikov, S. Chatterjee, S. W. Koch, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, “High-power optically pumped semiconductor laser at 1040 nm,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(9), 661–663 (2010). [CrossRef]
  11. J. Hastie, S. Calvez, M. Dawson, T. Leinonen, A. Laakso, J. Lyytikäinen, M. Pessa, “High power CW red VECSEL with linearly polarized TEM00 output beam,” Opt. Express 13(1), 77–81 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Ranta, M. Tavast, T. Leinonen, N. Van Lieu, G. Fetzer, M. Guina, “1180 nm VECSEL with output power beyond 20 W,” Electron. Lett. 49(1), 59–60 (2013). [CrossRef]
  13. N. Schulz, M. Rattunde, C. Manz, K. Koehler, C. Wild, J. Wagner, S.-S. Beyertt, U. Brauch, T. Kuebler, A. Giesen, “Optically pumped GaSb-based VECSEL emitting 0.6 W at 2.3 µm,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 1070–1072 (2006). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Rahim, F. Felder, M. Fill, H. Zogg, “Optically pumped 5 microm IV-VI VECSEL with Al-heat spreader,” Opt. Lett. 33(24), 3010–3012 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. L. Fan, M. Fallahi, A. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. Moloney, R. Bedford, J. Murray, W. Stolz, S. Koch, “Extended tunability in a two-chip VECSEL,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(8), 544–546 (2007). [CrossRef]
  16. C. Borgentum, J. Bengtsson, A. Larsson, F. Demaria, A. Hein, P. Unger, “Optimization of a broadband gain element for a widely tunable high-power semiconductor disk laser,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(13), 78–980 (2010).
  17. N. Hempler, J.-M. Hopkins, A. J. Kemp, N. Schulz, M. Rattunde, J. Wagner, M. D. Dawson, D. Burns, “Pulsed pumping of semiconductor disk lasers,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3247–3256 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. Leinonen, V.-M. Korpijärvi, A. Härkönen, M. Guina, “7.4W yellow GaInNAs-based semiconductor disk laser,” Electron. Lett. 47(20), 1139–1140 (2011). [CrossRef]
  19. M. Fallahi, L. Fan, Y. Kaneda, C. Hessenius, J. Hader, H. Li, J. V. Moloney, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, J. Murray, R. Bedford, “5-W yellow laser by intracavity frequency doubling of high-power vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(20), 1700–1702 (2008). [CrossRef]
  20. J. Rautiainen, I. Krestnikov, J. Nikkinen, O. G. Okhotnikov, “2.5 W orange power by frequency conversion from a dual-gain quantum-dot disk laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(12), 1935–1937 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited