OSA's Digital Library

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics


  • Editor: Gregory W. Faris
  • Vol. 4, Iss. 8 — Jul. 30, 2009

Tabletop soft-x-ray Fourier transform holography with 50 nm resolution

R. L. Sandberg, D. A. Raymondson, C. La-o-vorakiat, A. Paul, K. S. Raines, J. Miao, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and W. F. Schlotter  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 11, pp. 1618-1620 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (380 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present what we believe to be the first implementation of Fourier transform (FT) holography using a tabletop coherent x-ray source. By applying curvature correction to compensate for the large angles inherent in high-NA coherent imaging, we achieve image resolution of 89 nm using high-harmonic beams at a wavelength of 29 nm . Moreover, by combining holography with iterative phase retrieval, we improve the image resolution to < 53 nm . We also demonstrate that FT holography can be used effectively with short exposure times of 30 s . This technique will enable biological and materials microscopy with simultaneously high spatial and temporal resolution on a tabletop soft-x-ray source.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.4220) Holography : Multiplex holography
(100.5070) Image processing : Phase retrieval
(110.1650) Imaging systems : Coherence imaging
(340.7440) X-ray optics : X-ray imaging
(340.7480) X-ray optics : X-rays, soft x-rays, extreme ultraviolet (EUV)

ToC Category:
X-ray Optics

Original Manuscript: November 13, 2008
Revised Manuscript: February 17, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: March 10, 2009
Published: May 19, 2009

Virtual Issues
Vol. 4, Iss. 8 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

R. L. Sandberg, D. A. Raymondson, C. La-o-vorakiat, A. Paul, K. S. Raines, J. Miao, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and W. F. Schlotter, "Tabletop soft-x-ray Fourier transform holography with 50 nm resolution," Opt. Lett. 34, 1618-1620 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. Song, H. Jiang, A. Mancuso, B. Amirbekian, L. Peng, R. Sun, S. S. Shah, Z. H. Zhou, T. Ishikawa, and J. Miao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 158101 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Eisebitt, J. Lüning, W. F. Schlotter, M. Lörgen, O. Hellwig, W. Eberhardt, and J. Stöhr, Nature 432, 885 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Miao, P. Charalambous, J. Kirz, and D. Sayre, Nature 400, 342 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. S. Marchesini, H. He, H. N. Chapman, S. P. Hau-Riege, A. Noy, M. R. Howells, U. Weierstall, and J. C. H. Spence, Phys. Rev. B 68, 140101 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, G. J. Williams, J. N. Clark, A. G. Peele, M. A. Pfeifer, M. de Jonge, and I. McNulty, Nat. Phys. 4, 394 (2008). [CrossRef]
  6. P. Thibault, M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, C. David, and F. Pfeiffer, Science 321, 379 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. A. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, Science 297, 376 (2002). [PubMed]
  8. M. Wieland, C. Spielmann, U. Kleineberg, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Heinzmann, and T. Wilhein, Ultramicroscopy 102, 93 (2005). [CrossRef]
  9. P. W. Wachulak, R. A. Bartels, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, J. J. Rocca, Y. Lu, and B. Parkinson, Opt. Express 14, 9636 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Wang, E. Granados, F. Pedaci, D. Alessi, B. Luther, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, Nat. Photonics 2, 94 (2008). [CrossRef]
  11. R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hadrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. L. Sandberg, C. Song, P. W. Wachulak, D. A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, E. Lee, A. E. Sakdinawat, O. V. C. La, M. C. Marconi, C. S. Menoni, M. M. Murnane, J. J. Rocca, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. Miao, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105, 24 (2008). [CrossRef]
  13. I. McNulty, J. Kirz, C. Jacobsen, E. H. Anderson, M. R. Howells, and D. P. Kern, Science 256, 1009 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Eisebitt, M. Lörgen, W. Eberhardt, J. Lüning, S. Andrews, and J. Stöhr, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3373 (2004). [CrossRef]
  15. W. F. Schlotter, R. Rick, K. Chen, A. Scherz, J. Stohr, J. Luning, S. Eisebitt, C. Gunther, W. Eberhardt, O. Hellwig, and I. McNulty, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 163112 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. W. F. Schlotter, Ph.D. dissertation (Stanford University, 2007).
  17. S. Marchesini, A. E. Sakdinawat, M. J. Bogan, A. Barty, H. N. Chapman, M. Frank, S. P. Hau-Riege, A. Sz, C. Cui, and D. A. Shapiro, Nat. Photonics 2, 560 (2008). [CrossRef]
  18. L. M. Stadler, C. Gutt, T. Autenrieth, O. Leupold, S. Rehbein, Y. Chushkin, and G. Grübel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 245503 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. C. C. Chen, J. Miao, C. W. Wang, and T. K. Lee, Phys. Rev. B 76, 064113 (2007). [CrossRef]
  20. H. Kapteyn, O. Cohen, I. Christov, and M. Murnane, Science 317, 775 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, O. Cohen, M. E. Grisham, J. J. Rocca, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Opt. Lett. 33, 2128 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited