OSA's Digital Library

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics


  • Editor: Gregory W. Faris
  • Vol. 5, Iss. 12 — Sep. 30, 2010

Real-time tomographic holography for augmented reality

John M. Galeotti, Mel Siegel, and George Stetten  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 35, Issue 14, pp. 2352-2354 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (537 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The concept and instantiation of real-time tomographic holography (RTTH) for augmented reality is presented. RTTH enables natural hand–eye coordination to guide invasive medical procedures without requiring tracking or a head-mounted device. It places a real-time virtual image of an object’s cross section into its actual location, without noticeable viewpoint dependence (e.g., parallax error). The virtual image is viewed through a flat narrowband holographic optical element (HOE) with optical power that generates an in-situ virtual image (within 1 m of the HOE) from a small spatial light modulator display without obscuring a direct view of the physical world. Rigidly fixed upon a medical ultrasound probe, an RTTH device could show the scan in its actual location inside the patient, even as the probe was moved relative to the patient.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.2870) Holography : Holographic display
(090.2890) Holography : Holographic optical elements
(110.0110) Imaging systems : Imaging systems
(170.0170) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical optics and biotechnology
(220.0220) Optical design and fabrication : Optical design and fabrication
(220.2740) Optical design and fabrication : Geometric optical design

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: February 19, 2010
Revised Manuscript: June 4, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: June 15, 2010
Published: July 5, 2010

Virtual Issues
Vol. 5, Iss. 12 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

John M. Galeotti, Mel Siegel, and George Stetten, "Real-time tomographic holography for augmented reality," Opt. Lett. 35, 2352-2354 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. I. Sutherland, in AFIPS Proceedings of the Fall Joint Computer Conference (AFIPS, 1968), Vol. 33, pp. 757–764.
  2. D. Drascic and P. Milgram, Proc. SPIE 2653, 123 (1996). [CrossRef]
  3. S. Hofstein, “Ultrasound scope,” U.S. patent 4,200,885 (April 29, 1980).
  4. G. Stetten, “System and method for location-merging of real-time tomographic slice images with human vision,” U.S. patent 6,599,247 (July 29, 2003).
  5. A. Nowatzyk, D. Shelton, J. Galeotti, and G. Stetten, in AMI-ARCS 2004, Workshop for Augmented Environments for Medical Imaging including Augmented Reality in Computer-aided Surgery (AMI-ARCS, 2004).
  6. R. D. Rallison and S. M. Arnold, Proc. SPIE 2689, 267 (1996). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited