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Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics


  • Editors: Andrew Dunn and Anthony Durkin
  • Vol. 7, Iss. 8 — Aug. 2, 2012

Electrostrictive counterforce on fluid microdroplet in short laser pulse

S. Å. Ellingsen and I. Brevik  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Letters, Vol. 37, Issue 11, pp. 1928-1930 (2012)

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When a micrometer-sized fluid droplet is illuminated by a laser pulse, there is a fundamental distinction between two cases. If the pulse is short in comparison with the transit time for sound across the droplet, the disruptive optical Abraham–Minkowski radiation force is countered by electrostriction, and the net stress is compressive. In contrast, if the pulse is long on this scale, electrostriction is cancelled by elastic pressure and the surviving term of the electromagnetic force, the Abraham–Minkowski force, is disruptive and deforms the droplet. Ultrashort laser pulses are routinely used in modern experiments, and impressive progress has moreover been made on laser manipulation of liquid surfaces in recent times, making a theory for combining the two pertinent. We analyze the electrostrictive contribution analytically and numerically for a spherical droplet.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(240.0240) Optics at surfaces : Optics at surfaces
(260.2110) Physical optics : Electromagnetic optics
(350.4855) Other areas of optics : Optical tweezers or optical manipulation
(240.3990) Optics at surfaces : Micro-optical devices

ToC Category:
Optics at Surfaces

Original Manuscript: February 10, 2012
Revised Manuscript: March 22, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: March 22, 2012
Published: May 24, 2012

Virtual Issues
Vol. 7, Iss. 8 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

S. Å. Ellingsen and I. Brevik, "Electrostrictive counterforce on fluid microdroplet in short laser pulse," Opt. Lett. 37, 1928-1930 (2012)

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