OSA's Digital Library

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

| EXPLORING THE INTERFACE OF LIGHT AND BIOMEDICINE

  • Editor: Gregory W. Faris
  • Vol. 3, Iss. 11 — Oct. 22, 2008
« Show journal navigation

Submicron axial resolution in an ultrabroadband two-photon interferometer using superconducting single-photon detectors

Magued B. Nasr, Olga Minaeva, Gregory N. Goltsman, Alexander V. Sergienko, Bahaa E. A. Saleh, and Malvin C. Teich  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 19, pp. 15104-15108 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.015104


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (83 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We generate ultrabroadband biphotons via the process of spontaneous parametric down-conversion in a quasi-phase-matched nonlinear grating that has a linearly chirped poling period. Using these biphotons in conjunction with superconducting single-photon detectors (SSPDs), we measure the narrowest Hong-Ou-Mandel dip to date in a two-photon interferometer, having a full width at half maximum (FWHM) of ≈ 5.7 fsec. This FWHM corresponds to a quantum optical coherence tomography (QOCT) axial resolution of 0.85 µm. Our results indicate that a high flux of nonoverlapping biphotons may be generated, as required in many applications of nonclassical light.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

In 1987, Hong, Ou, and Mandel (HOM) introduced a new interferometric technique for measuring the subpicosecond temporal separation between two indistinguishable photons [1

1. C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044–2046 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

]. Their approach has since been employed in various applications; these include the generation of entangled states [2

2. Y. H. Shih and C. O. Alley, “New type of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by optical parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2921–2924 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

, 3

3. Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Violation of Bell’s inequality and classical probability in a two-photon correlation experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50–53 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

], the measurement of the degree of indistinguishability between photons from a single-photon source [4

4. R. A. Campos, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Fourth-order interference of joint single-photon wave packets in lossless optical systems,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 4127–4137 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

, 5

5. C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vučković, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

], and quantum optical coherence tomography (QOCT) [6

6. A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002). [CrossRef]

, 7

7. M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Dispersion-cancelled and dispersion-sensitive quantum optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 12, 1353–1362 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

]. In the experimental arrangement used by HOM, the indistinguishable signal and idler photons (biphotons) are generated by the process of spontaneous parametric down-conversion (SPDC) [8

8. S. E. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, “Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 732–734 (1967). [CrossRef]

, 9

9. D. Magde and H. Mahr, “Study in ammonium dihydrogen phosphate of spontaneous parametric interaction tunable from 4400 to 16000 Å,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 905–907 (1967). [CrossRef]

, 10

10. L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge, New York,1995), ch. 22.

] and each impinges on one of the input ports of a 50:50 beam splitter. The superposed beams interfere and single-photon detectors are placed at the output ports. The coincidence rate of the detector output pulses is recorded as a function of the temporal delay introduced between the two photons. The result is the celebrated HOM dip, in which the photon-coincidence rate vanishes at zero delay; the width of the dip is determined by the biphoton spectral density.

In a recent paper [11

11. M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

], the generation of ultrabroadband biphotons that span a bandwidth of ≈ 300 nm about the wavelength λ 0 = 812 nm has been reported. Using these ultrabroadband biphotons in conjunction with semiconductor single-photon avalanche photodiodes (APDs), a narrow HOM dip with a FWHM of 7.1 fsec was measured. However, since the APDs used in their experiments had a limited bandwidth (particularly in the near infrared-region), the authors speculated that the bandwidth of the emitted biphtons could in fact be larger than that observed in their experiments, and that an even narrowerHOM dip would emerge, were they to make use of single-photon detectors with a broader spectral response.

The measurement of an ultranarrowHOMdip reveals the possibility for engineering ultranarrow biphoton wavepackets, which in turn enables the generation of a high flux non-overlapping biphotons [12

12. A. Pe’er, B. Dayan, A. A. Friesem, and Y. Silberberg, “Temporal shaping of entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073601 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

]. This is essential for making practical use of SPDC light in nonclassical applications such as entangled-photon microscopy [13

13. M. C. Teich and B. E. A. Saleh, Českloslovenský časopis pro fyziku 47, 3 (1997) [translation: “Entangled-Photon Microscopy,” http://people.bu.edu/teich/pdfs/Cesk-English-47-3-1997.pdf]; U.S. Patent Number 5,796,477 (1998).

], spectroscopy [14

14. B. E. A. Saleh, B. M. Jost, H.-B. Fei, and M. C. Teich, “Entangled-photon virtual-state spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3483–3486 (1998). [CrossRef]

], and photoemission [15

15. F. Lissandrin, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum theory of entangled-photon photoemission,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 165317 (2004). [CrossRef]

].

In this paper, we discuss the generation of ultrabroadband biphotons following the prescription provided in Ref. [11

11. M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

], but we make use of superconducting single-photon detectors (SSPDs), which offer a broader spectral response than APDs [16

16. A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004). [CrossRef]

]. This has enabled us, on the twentieth anniversary of the appearance of Ref. [1

1. C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044–2046 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

], to measure the narrowest HOM dip to date, with a FWHM of 5.7±0.2 fsec, corresponding to an axial resolution of ≈ 0.85µm in QOCT. The method we use to generate ultrabroadband biphotons in this work makes use of a quasi-phase matched (QPM) nonlinear grating with a nonuniform poling period Λ [11

11. M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

, 17

17. S. Carrasco, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, A. Sergienko, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Enhancing the axial resolution of quantum optical coherence tomography by chirped quasi-phase matching” Opt. Lett. 29, 2429–2431 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

, 18

18. S. E. Harris, “Chirp and compress: toward single-cycle biphotons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 063602 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

]. The poling pattern Λ(z), where z is the spatial coordinate along the direction of pump propagation, provides a collection of phase matching conditions over the length of the grating, which leads to broadband biphoton generation; at the same time, the poling pattern can be chosen to engender a special phase relation among the various spectral components, thereby allowing the biphoton wavepacket to be compressed using the techniques of ultrafast optics [19

19. B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, Second Ed. (Wiley, 2007), ch. 22.

]. For example, in the absence of group-velocity dispersion (GVD), a linearly chirped spatial frequency, K g(z) = 2π/Λ(z), ensures an exact linear chirp of the biphoton wavepacket [18

18. S. E. Harris, “Chirp and compress: toward single-cycle biphotons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 063602 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

], which is readily compressed.

In particular, our biphoton source consists of a near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate (SLT) crystal onto which a grating of length L = 1.8 cm has been poled with a linearly chirped spatial frequency, K g(z)=K 0-α z, where K 0 is the grating’s spatial frequency at its entrance face (z = 0), and α = 9.7 × 10-6µm-2 is a parameter that represents the degree of linear chirp. We make use of third-orderQPM for which K g(z) = 3·2π/Λ(z), so that K 0 = 3·2π0 where Λ0 = 9.824µmis the poling period at z = 0. Our SLT crystal was fabricated from congruently melting composition lithium tantalate using the vapor-transport-equilibration (VTE) method [20

20. M. Katz, R. K. Route, D. S. Hum, K. R. Parameswaran, G. D. Miller, and M. M. Fejer, “Vapor-transport equilibrated near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency-conversion applications,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1775–1777 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

, 21

21. D. S. Hum, R. K. Route, G. D. Miller, V. Kondilenko, A. Alexandrovski, J. Huang, K. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and M. M. Fejer, “Optical properties and ferroelectric engineering of vapor-transport-equilibrated, near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency conversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093108 (2007). [CrossRef]

]. A monochromatic Kr+-ion laser operated at λ p = 406 nm pumps our chirped periodically poled SLT grating that was operated at a temperature of T = 52.6 °C. The resulting down-converted signal and idler photons are each centered at the degenerate wavelength λ 0 = 812 nm and emitted in a noncollinear direction that makes an angle θ ≈ 1.1° with the pump. Using these entangled-photons in an HOM interferometer, we trace the HOM dip using two types of single-photon detectors: APDs and SSPDs.

The APDs used in our experiments were commercially available single-photon-counting modules (SPCM-AQR-15) from EG&G, whereas the SSPDs were our own devices, assembled following the method described in Ref. [22

22. A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron . 13, 944–951 (2007). [CrossRef]

]. The active element of each SSPD was a meander-shaped narrow stripe of width 80–120 nm that covers a 10µm × 10µm area. The stripe was fabricated from a 4-nm-thick superconducting niobium nitride (NbN) film that has been sputtered on a double-sided polished sapphire substrate, using direct electron-beam lithography and reactive ion etching, following Ref. [23

23. G. N. Gol’tsman, K. Smirnov, P. Kouminov, B. Voronov, N. Kaurova, V. Drakinsky, J. Zhang, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Fabrication of nanostructured superconducting single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond . 13, 192–195 (2003). [CrossRef]

]. The devices were fitted at the bottom of a vacuum insert that was placed vertically in a standard 60-liter liquid-helium transport dewar. By reducing the He vapor pressure inside the vacuum insert, the operating temperature of the SSPDs could be reduced to 1.8 K. The optical input was fed to the active area of each SSPD via a single-mode fiber, and the electrical output was connected to a high-frequency coaxial cable through a gold coplanar transmission line that also served as the electrical contact to the NbN meander. The outputs of the coaxial cables were then connected to room-temperature high-frequency amplifiers (Phillips Scientific 6954 0.0001-1.5 GHz) to boost the electrical signals before they were fed to the discrimination and coincidence circuitry. Further information and illustrative figures are available in Ref. [22

22. A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron . 13, 944–951 (2007). [CrossRef]

].

These single-photon detectors were used in a HOM interferometer and the coincidence rate N c(τ) of the detector output pulses were recorded as a function of the temporal delay τ between the signal and idler photons. The results are presented in Fig. 1. The symbols represent the measured data points and the curves are Gaussian fits to the data. Although theoretical formulas are available for these curves [11

11. M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

], Gaussian fits serve our purposes well, as confirmed by the reduced χ 2 values, which were 0.0005 and 0.0014 for the HOM dips obtained with the APD and SSPD detectors, respectively.

Fig. 1. (Color online). Normalized Hong-Ou-Mandel (HOM) coincidence interferograms (dips) that were obtained using a pair of semiconductor single-photon avalanche photo-diodes (APDs) (squares), and using a pair of superconducting single-photon detectors (SSPDs) (circles). The symbols represent the measured data points and the curves are Gaussian fits to the data. The FWHM of the measured dips are 6.2±0.1, and 5.7±0.2 fsec for the experiments conducted using APDs and SSPDs, respectively. These observed ultra narrow dips translate to ultra-high axial QOCT resolution of 0.93 and 0.85 µm, respectively.

The HOM dip obtained using the APD detectors (squares) has a FWHM of 6.2±0.1 fsec while that obtained using the SSPD detectors (circles) has a FWHM of 5.7±0.2 fsec. These ultra narrow dips translate to ultra-high axial QOCT resolutions of ≈ 0.93 and 0.85 µm, respectively.

We have also computed the root-mean-square (RMS) width of these HOM dips directly from the data without fitting and confirmed that the use of SSPDs results in an ≈ 9% narrowing of the dip. The data in Fig. 1 indicate that the HOM dip obtained using SSPDs is slightly assymetric and this was also confirmed by computing the third central moment for the data. This effect may be attributed to the shape of the spectral response of the SSPDs.

Simulations for an ideal experimental arrangement (with no spectral cutoffs) predict a biphoton bandwidth of ≈ 550 nm (see Fig. 4(a) of Ref. [11

11. M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

]), corresponding to a HOM dip of width 2.7-fsec (see simulation curves for α = 9.7 × 10-6 µm-2 in Figs. 3 and 4(c) of Ref. [11

11. M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

]). The limited bandwidths of the various optical components in the experimental arrangement, including the detectors and beamsplitter, increase the width of the measured dip, as expected. The reduced visibility of the observed dips arises from the spatial asymmetry of the HOM interferometer that was used in these experiments; one of the arms had an even number of mirrors while the other had an odd number. The symmetric HOM used in the experiments reported in Ref. [11

11. M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

] yields dips with higher visibility.

We conclude that the use of the SSPD detectors broadens the overall spectral response of the HOM interferometer, as evidenced by the narrowing of the HOM dip, thereby confirming that a higher density of nonoverlapping biphotons can, in fact, be obtained.

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by a U. S. Army Research Office (ARO) Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative (MURI) Grant and by the The Bernard M. Gordon Center for Subsurface Sensing and Imaging Systems (CenSSIS), an NSF Engineering Research Center.

References and links

1.

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044–2046 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2.

Y. H. Shih and C. O. Alley, “New type of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by optical parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2921–2924 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

3.

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Violation of Bell’s inequality and classical probability in a two-photon correlation experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50–53 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

4.

R. A. Campos, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Fourth-order interference of joint single-photon wave packets in lossless optical systems,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 4127–4137 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

5.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vučković, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

6.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002). [CrossRef]

7.

M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Dispersion-cancelled and dispersion-sensitive quantum optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 12, 1353–1362 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

8.

S. E. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, “Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 732–734 (1967). [CrossRef]

9.

D. Magde and H. Mahr, “Study in ammonium dihydrogen phosphate of spontaneous parametric interaction tunable from 4400 to 16000 Å,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 905–907 (1967). [CrossRef]

10.

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge, New York,1995), ch. 22.

11.

M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

12.

A. Pe’er, B. Dayan, A. A. Friesem, and Y. Silberberg, “Temporal shaping of entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073601 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

13.

M. C. Teich and B. E. A. Saleh, Českloslovenský časopis pro fyziku 47, 3 (1997) [translation: “Entangled-Photon Microscopy,” http://people.bu.edu/teich/pdfs/Cesk-English-47-3-1997.pdf]; U.S. Patent Number 5,796,477 (1998).

14.

B. E. A. Saleh, B. M. Jost, H.-B. Fei, and M. C. Teich, “Entangled-photon virtual-state spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3483–3486 (1998). [CrossRef]

15.

F. Lissandrin, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum theory of entangled-photon photoemission,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 165317 (2004). [CrossRef]

16.

A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338–5340 (2004). [CrossRef]

17.

S. Carrasco, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, A. Sergienko, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, “Enhancing the axial resolution of quantum optical coherence tomography by chirped quasi-phase matching” Opt. Lett. 29, 2429–2431 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

18.

S. E. Harris, “Chirp and compress: toward single-cycle biphotons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 063602 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

19.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, Second Ed. (Wiley, 2007), ch. 22.

20.

M. Katz, R. K. Route, D. S. Hum, K. R. Parameswaran, G. D. Miller, and M. M. Fejer, “Vapor-transport equilibrated near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency-conversion applications,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1775–1777 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

21.

D. S. Hum, R. K. Route, G. D. Miller, V. Kondilenko, A. Alexandrovski, J. Huang, K. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and M. M. Fejer, “Optical properties and ferroelectric engineering of vapor-transport-equilibrated, near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency conversion,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093108 (2007). [CrossRef]

22.

A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, “Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron . 13, 944–951 (2007). [CrossRef]

23.

G. N. Gol’tsman, K. Smirnov, P. Kouminov, B. Voronov, N. Kaurova, V. Drakinsky, J. Zhang, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, “Fabrication of nanostructured superconducting single-photon detectors,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond . 13, 192–195 (2003). [CrossRef]

OCIS Codes
(040.5570) Detectors : Quantum detectors
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
(270.5570) Quantum optics : Quantum detectors

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

History
Original Manuscript: July 11, 2008
Revised Manuscript: September 3, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: September 4, 2008
Published: September 10, 2008

Virtual Issues
Vol. 3, Iss. 11 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Magued B. Nasr, Olga Minaeva, Gregory N. Goltsman, Alexander V. Sergienko, Bahaa E. Saleh, and Malvin C. Teich, "Submicron axial resolution in an ultrabroadband two-photon interferometer using superconducting single-photon detectors," Opt. Express 16, 15104-15108 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/vjbo/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-19-15104


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, "Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044-2046 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Y. H. Shih and C. O. Alley, "New type of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by optical parametric down conversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2921-2924 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, "Violation of Bell's inequality and classical probability in a two-photon correlation experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50-53 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. A. Campos, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, "Fourth-order interference of joint single-photon wave packets in lossless optical systems," Phys. Rev. A 42, 4127-4137 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, "Indistinguishable photons from a singlephoton device," Nature 419, 594-597 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, "Quantum optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation," Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, "Dispersion-cancelled and dispersion-sensitive quantum optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 12, 1353-1362 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. E. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, "Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 732-734 (1967). [CrossRef]
  9. D. Magde and H. Mahr, "Study in ammonium dihydrogen phosphate of spontaneous parametric interaction tunable from 4400 to 16000 ° A," Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 905-907 (1967). [CrossRef]
  10. L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge, New York, 1995), ch. 22.
  11. M. B. Nasr, S. Carrasco, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, M. C. Teich, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, "Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric downconversion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 183601 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. Pe'er, B. Dayan, A. A. Friesem, and Y. Silberberg, "Temporal shaping of entangled photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073601 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. C. Teich and B. E. A. Saleh, "Ceskloslovenský casopis pro fyziku," 47, 3 (1997) [translation: "Entangled-Photon Microscopy," http://people.bu.edu/teich/pdfs/Cesk-English-47-3-1997.pdf ]; U.S. Patent Number 5,796,477 (1998).
  14. B. E. A. Saleh, B. M. Jost, H.-B. Fei, and M. C. Teich, "Entangled-photon virtual-state spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3483-3486 (1998). [CrossRef]
  15. F. Lissandrin, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, "Quantum theory of entangled-photon photoemission," Phys. Rev. B 69, 165317 (2004). [CrossRef]
  16. A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman, M. Currie, W. Lo, K. Wilsher, J. Zhang,W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, "Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5338-5340 (2004). [CrossRef]
  17. S. Carrasco, J. P. Torres, L. Torner, A. Sergienko, B. E. A. Saleh, and M. C. Teich, "Enhancing the axial resolution of quantum optical coherence tomography by chirped quasi-phase matching" Opt. Lett. 29, 2429-2431 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. E. Harris, "Chirp and compress: toward single-cycle biphotons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 063602 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, 2nd Ed. (Wiley, 2007), ch. 22.
  20. M. Katz, R. K. Route, D. S. Hum, K. R. Parameswaran, G. D. Miller, and M. M. Fejer, "Vapor-transport equilibrated near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency-conversion applications," Opt. Lett. 29, 1775-1777 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. D. S. Hum, R. K. Route, G. D. Miller, V. Kondilenko, A. Alexandrovski, J. Huang, K. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and M. M. Fejer, "Optical properties and ferroelectric engineering of vapor-transport-equilibrated, near-stoichiometric lithium tantalate for frequency conversion," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093108 (2007). [CrossRef]
  22. A. Korneev, Y. Vachtomin, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, K. Smirnov, O. Okunev, G. Goltsman, C. Zinoni, N. Chauvin, L. Balet, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, B. Alloing, L. Li, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, M. Halder, C. Jorel, and H. Zbinden, "Single-photon detection system for quantum optics applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 944-951 (2007). [CrossRef]
  23. G. N. Gol'tsman, K. Smirnov, P. Kouminov, B. Voronov, N. Kaurova, V. Drakinsky, J. Zhang, A. Verevkin, and R. Sobolewski, "Fabrication of nanostructured superconducting single-photon detectors," IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 13, 192-195 (2003). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited