OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 51, Iss. 17 — Jun. 10, 2012
  • pp: 3726–3730

Cavity-length optimization for high energy pulse generation in a long cavity passively mode-locked all-fiber ring laser

Nanxi Li, Jin Xue, Chunmei Ouyang, Kan Wu, Jia Haur Wong, Sheel Aditya, and Perry Ping Shum  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 51, Issue 17, pp. 3726-3730 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.51.003726


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (517 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

In order to achieve higher pulse energy in a passively mode-locked fiber ring laser, a long cavity length is commonly implemented. However, a long cavity operating in the anomalous dispersion regime also leads to pulse broadening, which reduces the average pulse power. In this paper, the trade-off between cavity length and average pulse power is investigated with the aim of optimizing the cavity length to achieve maximum pulse energy. Numerical simulation results, presented here, indicate that there exists an optimum cavity length for which the pulse energy is maximum and the optimum length shifts as the pump power changes. The simulation results for a pump power of 500 mW are verified by measurements carried out on a long cavity nonlinear polarization rotation mode-locked all-fiber ring laser operating in the anomalous dispersion regime. With a repetition rate of 266 kHz for the dissipative solitons, we achieve a pulse energy of 139.1 nJ for a cavity length of 700 m. Higher pulse energy can be expected by using a pump laser diode with higher pump power.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3500) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, erbium
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(140.3560) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, ring
(140.4050) Lasers and laser optics : Mode-locked lasers
(140.3538) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, pulsed

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: January 18, 2012
Revised Manuscript: April 25, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: April 29, 2012
Published: June 4, 2012

Citation
Nanxi Li, Jin Xue, Chunmei Ouyang, Kan Wu, Jia Haur Wong, Sheel Aditya, and Perry Ping Shum, "Cavity-length optimization for high energy pulse generation in a long cavity passively mode-locked all-fiber ring laser," Appl. Opt. 51, 3726-3730 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-51-17-3726


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and Y. Fedotov, “Ultra-low repetition rate mode-locked fiber laser with high-energy pulses,” Opt. Express 16, 21936–21941 (2008). [CrossRef]
  2. X. L. Tian, M. Tang, X. Cheng, P. Ping Shum, Y. Gong, and C. Lin “High-energy wave-breaking-free pulse from all-fiber mode-locked laser system,” Opt. Express 17, 7222–7227 (2009). [CrossRef]
  3. X. L. Tian, M. Tang, P. Ping Shum, Y. Gong, C. Lin, S. Fu, and T. Zhang, “High-energy laser pulse with a submegahertz repetition rate from a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1432–1434 (2009). [CrossRef]
  4. A. Ivanenko, S. Turitsyn, S. Kobsev, and M. Dubov, “Mode-locking in 25 km fibre laser,” in 2010 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–3.
  5. B. N. Nyushkov, V. I. Denisov, S. M. Kobtsev, V. S. Pivtsov, N. A. Kolyada, A. V. Ivanenko, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Generation of 1.7 μJ pulses at 1.55 μm by a self-mode-locked all-fiber laser with a kilometers-long linear-ring cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 661–665 (2010). [CrossRef]
  6. V. J. Matsas, T. P. Newson, and M. N. Zervas, “Self-starting passively mode-locked fiber ring laser exploiting nonlinear polarization switching,” Opt. Commun. 92, 61–66 (1992). [CrossRef]
  7. X. H. Li, X. Liu, X. Hu, L. Wang, H. Lu, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Long-cavity passively mode-locked fiber ring laser with high-energy rectangular-shape pulses in anomalous dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3249–3251 (2010). [CrossRef]
  8. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2006), p. 43.
  9. P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photon. 6, 84–92 (2012). [CrossRef]
  10. X. M. Liu, “Mechanism of high-energy pulse generation without wave breaking in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053808 (2010). [CrossRef]
  11. L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Experimental research on high-energy dissipative solitons in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Acta Phys. Sin. 59, 6200–6204 (2010).
  12. W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033840 (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023830 (2008). [CrossRef]
  14. X. M. Liu, “Numerical and experimental investigation of dissipative solitons in passively mode-locked fiber lasers with large net-normal-dispersion and high nonlinearity,” Opt. Express 17, 22401–22416 (2009). [CrossRef]
  15. W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Highly-chirped dissipative solitons in anomalous-dispersion fiber lasers,” in 2008 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–2.
  16. F. W. Wise, “High-energy femtosecond fiber lasers based on dissipative solitons,” in 2010 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Cleo and Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (IEEE, 2010), p. 1.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited